Table of contents
Baruch Shalom Ha-Levi Ashlag (Rabash)/Articles
What Is the Preparation to Receive the Torah in the Work? - 2
A Congregation Is No Less than Ten. 28 (1986)
A Near Way and a Far Way. 26 (1986)
A Prayer of Many. 15 (1986)
A Real Prayer Is over a Real Deficiency. 11 (1986)
A Righteous Who Is Happy, a Righteous Who Is Suffering. 38 (1985)
According to What Is Explained Concerning “Love Thy Friend as Thyself”. 7 (1984)
All of Israel Have a Part in the Next World. 3 (1987)
And Hezekiah Turned His Face to the Wall. 15 (1985)
And I Pleaded with the Lord. 34 (1985)
And It Shall Come to Pass When You Come to the Land that the Lord Your God Gives You. 18 (1984)
And Jacob Went Out. 10 (1985)
And There Was Evening and There Was Morning. 36 (1985)
And the Lord Appeared to Him by the Oaks of Mamre. 6 (1985)
But the More They Afflicted Them. 16 (1985)
Come unto Pharaoh - 1. 19 (1985)
Come unto Pharaoh - 2. 13 (1986)
Concerning Above Reason. 21 (1986)
Concerning Ancestral Merit. 11 (1984)
Concerning Bestowal. 16 (1984)
Concerning Branch and Root. 2 (1985)
Concerning Fear and Joy. 23 (1986)
Concerning Help that Comes from Above. 8 (1986)
Concerning Hesed [Mercy]. 4 (1986)
Concerning Joy. 19 (1986)
Concerning Love of Friends. 2 (1984)
Concerning Prayer. 10 (1986)
Concerning Respecting the Father. 5 (1986)
Concerning Truth and Faith. 3 (1985)
Concerning Yenika [Nursing] and Ibur [Impregnation]. 31 (1986)
Concerning the Debate between Jacob and Laban. 11 (1985)
Concerning the Hanukkah Candle. 9 (1986)
Concerning the Importance of Friends. 17-1 (1984)
Concerning the Importance of Society. 12 (1984)
Concerning the Reward of the Receivers. 32 (1985)
Concerning the Slanderers. 18 (1985)
Confidence. 6 (1986)
Forevermore One Sells All That Is His and Marries a Wise Disciple's Daughter. 14 (1984)
Go Forth From Your Land. 5 (1985)
He Whose Heart Is Hardened. 20 (1985)
Hear Our Voice. 39 (1985)
How to Recognize One Who Serves God from One Who Does Not Serve Him. 29 (1988)
I Am the First and I Am the Last. 14 (1985)
If a Woman Inseminates. 22 (1986)
In Every Thing We Must Discern between Light and Kli. 25 (1985)
Is It Possible Something Negative Comes From Above. 15 (1984)
It is Forbidden to Hear a Good Thing From a Bad Person. 4 (1987)
Jacob Dwelled in the Land Where His Father Had Lived. 12 (1985)
Jacob Went Out. 9 (1985)
Judges and Officers. 34 (1986)
Know Today and Reply to Your Heart. 17 (1985)
Lend Ear, O Heaven. 2 (1986)
Lishma and Lo Lishma. 29 (1986)
Love of Friends - 1. 3 (1984)
Love of Friends - 2. 6 (1984)
Make for Yourself a Rav and Buy Yourself a Friend - 1. 1 (1985)
Make for Yourself a Rav and Buy Yourself a Friend - 2. 8 (1985)
Man Is Rewarded with Righteousness and Peace through the Torah. 3 (1986)
Mighty Rock of My Salvation. 13 (1985)
Moses Went. 1 (1986)
On My Bed at Night. 23 (1985)
One Does Not Regard Oneself as Wicked. 31 (1985)
One Should Always Sell the Beams of His House. 9 (1984)
One’s Greatness Depends on the Measure of One’s Faith in the Future. 9 (1987)
Peace After a Dispute Is More Important than Having No Disputes At All. 23 (1987)
Purim, and the Commandment: Until He until He Does Not Know. 11 (1987)
Purpose of Society - 1. 1-1 (1984)
Purpose of Society - 2. 1-2 (1984)
Repentance. 27 (1985)
Should One Sin and Be Guilty. 20 (1986)
Show Me Your Glory. 26 (1985)
Sometimes Spirituality Is Called "a Soul". 13 (1984)
The Agenda of the Assembly - 1. 17-2 (1984)
The Agenda of the Assembly - 2. 17 (1986)
The Connection between Passover, Matza, and Maror. 14 (1987)
The Creator and Israel Went into Exile. 27 (1986)
The Daily Schedule. 41 (1989)
The Difference between Charity and Gift. 24 (1986)
The Difference between Mercy and Truth and Untrue Mercy. 8 (1987)
The Difference between the Work of the General Public and the Work of the Individual . 16 (1987)
The Felons of Israel. 33 (1985)
The Fifteenth of Av. 35 (1986)
The Good Who Does Good, to the Bad and to the Good. 1 (1987)
The Importance of Faith that Is Always Present. 6 (1987)
The Importance of Recognition of Evil. 2 (1987)
The Importance of a Prayer of Many. 7 (1986)
The Klipa [Shell/Peel] that Precedes the Fruit. 30 (1986)
The Life of Sarah. 7 (1985)
The Lord Has Chosen Jacob for Himself. 16 (1986)
The Lord Is Near to All Who Call upon Him. 29 (1985)
The Main Difference between a Beastly Soul and a Godly Soul. 17 (1988)
The Measure of Practicing Mitzvot [Commandments]. 25 (1986)
The Miracle of Hanukkah. 7 (1987)
The Need for Love of Friends. 14 (1988)
The Order of the Work, from Baal HaSulam. 46 (1990)
The Reason for Straightening the Legs and Covering the Head During the Prayer. 32 (1986)
The Severity of Teaching Idol Worshippers the Torah. 17 (1987)
The Spies. 28 (1985)
The Whole of the Torah Is One Holy Name. 22 (1985)
These Are the Generations of Noah. 4 (1985)
These Candles Are Sacred. 12 (1991)
They Helped Every One His Friend. 4 (1984)
Three Prayers. 30 (1985)
Three Times in the Work. 24 (1985)
Two Discernments in Holiness. 15 (1987)
We Should Always Discern between Torah and Work. 21 (1985)
What Are Banners in the Work?. 32 (1991)
What Are Commandments that a Person Tramples with His Feet. 33 (1986)
What Are Day and Night in the Work?. 34 (1988)
What Are Dirty Hands in the Work of the Creator?. 21 (1987)
What Are Holiness and Purity, in the Work?. 28 (1991)
What Are Judges and Officers in the Work?. 38 (1989)
What Are Merits and Iniquities of a Righteous in the Work?. 22 (1988)
What Are Revealed and Concealed in the Work of the Creator?. 19 (1987)
What Are Silver, Gold, Israel, Rest of Nations, in the Work?. 19 (1988)
What Are Spies in the Work?. 33 (1989)
What Are Torah and Work in the Way of the Creator?. 12 (1988)
What Are Truth and Falsehood in the Work?. 40 (1991)
What Are a Blessing and a Curse, in the Work?. 42 (1990)
What Are the Forces Required in the Work?. 11 (1989)
What Are the Four Qualities of Those Who Go to the Seminary, in the Work?. 10 (1988)
What Are the Light Mitzvot that a Person Tramples with His Heels, in the Work?. 41 (1990)
What Are the Times of Prayer and Gratitude in the Work?. 7 (1990)
What Are the Two Actions During a Descent?. 32 (1988)
What Are the Two Discernments before Lishma?. 11 (1988)
What Are “A Layperson’s Vessels,” in the Work?. 34 (1990)
What Are “Blessing” and “Curse” in the Work?. 27 (1987)
What Beginning in Lo Lishma Means in the Work. 23 (1988)
What Does It Mean that Before the Egyptian Minister Fell, Their Outcry Was Not Answered, in the Work?. 15 (1990)
What Does It Mean that Charity to the Poor Makes the Holy Name, in the Work?. 31 (1991)
What Does It Mean that Man’s Blessing Is the Blessing of the Sons, in the Work?. 14 (1991)
What Does It Mean that Moses Was Perplexed about the Birth of the Moon, in the Work?. 23 (1990)
What Does It Mean that Oil Is Called “Good Deeds” in the Work?. 32 (1989)
What Does It Mean that One Should Bear a Son and a Daughter, in the Work?. 24 (1991)
What Does It Mean that One Who Prays Should Explain His Words Properly?. 8 (1988)
What Does It Mean that One Who Repents Should Be in Happiness?. 25 (1991)
What Does It Mean that One Who Was On a Far Off Way Is Postponed to a Second Passover, in the Work?. 30 (1991)
What Does It Mean that Our Sages Said, “King David Did Not Have a Life,” in the Work?. 10 (1990)
What Does It Mean that We Read the Portion, Zachor [Remember], Before Purim, in the Work?. 21 (1991)
What Does It Mean that a High Priest Should Take a Virgin Wife, in the Work?. 29 (1991)
What Does It Mean that a Judge Must Judge Absolutely Truthfully, in the Work?. 45 (1991)
What Does It Mean that by the Unification of the Creator and the Shechina, All Iniquities Are Atoned?. 13 (1990)
What Does It Mean that the Creation of the World Was by Largess?. 5 (1989)
What Does It Mean that the Creator Favors Someone, in the Work?. 33 (1991)
What Does It Mean that the Evil Inclination Ascends and Slanders, in the Work?. 20 (1989)
What Does It Mean that the Ladder Is Diagonal, in the Work?. 10 (1989)
What Does It Mean that the Right Must Be Greater than the Left, in the Work?. 39 (1991)
What Does It Mean that the Right and the Left Are in Contrast, in the Work?. 47 (1991)
What Does It Mean that the Righteous Suffers Afflictions?. 9 (1988)
What Does It Mean that the Torah Was Given Out of the Darkness in the Work?. 21 (1988)
What Does the Rule "Love Thy Friend as Thyself" Give Us. 5 (1984)
What Does “May We Be the Head and Not the Tail” Mean in the Work?. 1 (1990)
What Does “The King Stands on His Field When the Crop Is Ripe” Mean in the Work?. 10 (1991)
What Does, “Everything that Comes to Be a Burnt Offering Is Male,” Mean in the Work?. 24 (1990)
What Is Above Reason in the Work?. 6 (1989)
What Is Do Not Add and Do Not Take Away in the Work?. 28 (1987)
What Is Eating Their Fruits in This World and Keeping the Principal for the Next World, in the Work?. 34 (1991)
What Is Half a Shekel in the Work - 1. 12 (1987)
What Is Half a Shekel in the Work? - 2. 20 (1990)
What Is Heaviness of the Head in the Work?. 25 (1987)
What Is Making a Covenant in the Work. 31 (1987)
What Is Man’s Private Possession?. 20 (1987)
What Is Peace in the Work?. 34 (1989)
What Is Preparation for Selichot [Forgiveness]. 36 (1986)
What Is Revealing a Portion and Covering Two Portions in the Work?. 26 (1991)
What Is True Hesed in the Work?. 14 (1990)
What Is a Flood of Water in the Work?. 4 (1989)
What Is a Great or a Small Sin in the Work?. 2 (1989)
What Is a Groom’s Meal?. 12 (1989)
What Is a Light Commandment. 26 (1987)
What Is a War Over Authority in the Work – 1. 30 (1987)
What Is an Optional War, in the work? - 2. 44 (1990)
What Is the Advantage in the Work More than in the Reward?. 5 (1987)
What Is the Assistance that He who Comes to Purify Receives in the Work?. 17 (1990)
What Is the Blessing, “Who Made a Miracle for Me in This Place,” in the Work?. 15 (1991)
What Is the Degree One Should Achieve in Order Not to Have to Reincarnate? . 10 (1984)
What Is the Difference between General and Individual in the Work of the Creator?. 33 (1988)
What Is the Difference between Law and Judgment in the Work?. 26 (1988)
What Is the Difference between a Field and a Man of the Field, in the Work?. 6 (1988)
What Is the Difference between the Gate of Tears and the Rest of the Gates?. 3 (1989)
What Is the Extent of Teshuva [Repentance]?. 2 (1988)
What Is the Foundation on which Kedusha [Holiness] Is Built?. 16 (1988)
What Is the Gift that a Person Asks of the Creator?. 22 (1987)
What Is the Help in the Work that One Should Ask of the Creator?. 35 (1988)
What Is the Importance of the Groom, that His Iniquities Are Forgiven?. 7 (1988)
What Is the Main Deficiency for which One Should Pray?. 12 (1986)
What Is the Meaning of Failure in the Work?. 2 (1990)
What Is the Meaning of Lighting the Menorah in the Work?. 30 (1989)
What Is the Meaning of Suffering in the Work?. 27 (1989)
What Is the Meaning of the Purification of a Cow’s Ashes, in the Work?. 23 (1991)
What Is the Meaning of “Reply unto Your Heart”?. 14 (1989)
What Is the Meaning of “Spies,” in the Work?. 35 (1991)
What Is the Measure of Repentance?. 1 (1989)
What Is the Need to Borrow Kelim [Vessels] from the Egyptians?. 14 (1986)
What Is the Order in Blotting Out Amalek?. 22 (1990)
What Is the Prayer for Help and for Forgiveness in the Work?. 4 (1988)
What Is the Preparation on the Eve of Shabbat, in the Work?. 25 (1988)
What Is the Preparation to Receive the Torah in the Work? - 2. 29 (1989)
What Is the Prohibition to Bless on an Empty Table, in the Work?. 16 (1989)
What Is the Prohibition to Greet Before Blessing the Creator, in the Work?. 17 (1989)
What Is the Prohibition to Teach Torah to Idol-Worshippers in the Work?. 31 (1989)
What Is the Reason for which Israel Were Rewarded with Inheritance of the Land, in the Work?. 44 (1991)
What Is the Reward in the Work of Bestowal?. 20 (1988)
What Is the Son of the Beloved and the Son of the Hated in the Work?. 46 (1991)
What Is the Substance of Slander and Against Whom Is It?. 10 (1987)
What Is the Work of Man, in the Work, which Is Attributed to the Creator?. 31 (1988)
What Is the “Bread of an Evil-Eyed Man” in the Work?. 13 (1989)
What Is the “Right Line,” in the Work?. 38 (1991)
What Is the “Torah” and What Is “The Statute of the Torah,” in the Work?. 37 (1991)
What Is “A Lily Among the Thorns,” in the Work?. 22 (1991)
What Is “A Road Whose Beginning Is Thorns and Its End Is a Plain” in the Work?. 37 (1989)
What Is “According to the Sorrow, So Is the Reward”?. 29 (1987)
What Is “Do Not Slight the Blessing of a Layperson” in the Work?. 24 (1989)
What Is “For It Is Your Wisdom and Understanding in the Eyes of the Nations,” in the Work?. 36 (1989)
What Is “For Lack of Spirit and for Hard Work,” in the Work?. 16 (1990)
What Is “He Who Defiles Himself Is Defiled from Above” in the Work?. 26 (1989)
What Is “He Who Did Not Toil on the Eve of Shabbat, What Will He Eat on Shabbat” in the Work?. 7 (1989)
What Is “He Who Enjoys at a Groom’s Meal,” in the Work?. 35 (1990)
What Is “He Who Has a Flaw Shall Not Offer [Sacrifice]” in the Work?. 25 (1989)
What Is “Man” and What Is “Beast” in the Work?. 7 (1991)
What Is “The Concealed Things Belong to the Lord, and the Revealed Things Belong to Us,” in the Work?. 24 (1988)
What Is “The Earth Feared and Was Still,” in the Work?. 33 (1990)
What Is “There Is No Blessing in an Empty Place” in the Work?. 15 (1988)
What Is “the People’s Shepherd Is the Whole People” in the Work?. 13 (1988)
What Is, His Guidance Is Concealed and Revealed?. 28 (1988)
What Is, If He Swallows the Bitter Herb, He Will Not Come Out, in the Work?. 23 (1989)
What Is, “A Cup of Blessing Must Be Full,” in the Work?. 38 (1990)
What Is, “A Drunken Man Must Not Pray, in the Work?. 21 (1989)
What Is, “A Ladder Is Set on the Earth, and Its Top Reaches Heaven,” in the Work?. 9 (1990)
What Is, “An Ox Knows Its Owner, etc., Israel Does Not Know,” in the Work?. 42 (1991)
What Is, “And Abraham Was Old, of Many Days,” in the Work?. 8 (1991)
What Is, “Anyone Who Mourns forJerusalem Is Rewarded with Seeing Its Joy,” in the Work?. 39 (1990)
What Is, “As I Am for Nothing, so You Are for Nothing,” in the Work?. 21 (1990)
What Is, “Calamity that Comes upon the Wicked Begins with the Righteous,” in the Work?. 9 (1989)
What Is, “Every Blade of Grass Has an Appointee Above, Who Strikes It and Tells It, Grow!” in the Work?. 27 (1990)
What Is, “Every Day They Will Be as New in Your Eyes,” in the Work?. 40 (1989)
What Is, “For I Have Hardened His Heart,” in the work?. 17 (1991)
What Is, “For You Are the Least of All the Peoples,” in the Work?. 40 (1990)
What Is, “He Who Is Without Sons,” in the Work?. 35 (1989)
What Is, “If a Woman Inseminates First, She Delivers a Male Child,” in the Work?. 27 (1991)
What Is, “Peace, Peace, to the Far and to the Near,” in the Work?. 36 (1991)
What Is, “Praise the Lord, All Nations,” in the Work?. 25 (1990)
What Is, “Return, O Israel, Unto the Lord Your God,” in the Work?. 2 (1991)
What Is, “Rise Up, O Lord, and Let Your Enemies Be Scattered,” in the Work?. 19 (1991)
What Is, “The Children of Esau and Ishmael Did Not Want to Receive the Torah,” in the Work?. 36 (1990)
What Is, “The Concealed Things Belong to the Lord Our God,” in the work?. 45 (1990)
What Is, “The Creator Does Not Tolerate the Proud,” in the Work?. 27 (1988)
What Is, “The Good Deeds of the Righteous Are the Generations,” in the Work?. 5 (1991)
What Is, “The Herdsmen of Abram’s Cattle and the Herdsmen of Lot’s Cattle,” in the Work?. 6 (1991)
What Is, “The Righteous Become Apparent through the Wicked,” in the Work?. 15 (1989)
What Is, “The Saboteur Was in the Flood, and Was Putting to Death,” in the Work?. 4 (1991)
What Is, “The Shechina Is a Testimony to Israel,” in the Work?. 37 (1990)
What Is, “The Smell of His Garments,” in the Work?. 9 (1991)
What Is, “The Torah Exhausts a Person’s Strength,” in the Work?. 29 (1990)
What Is, “The Torah Speaks Only Against the Evil Inclination,” in the Work?. 39 (1989)
What Is, “The Wicked Will Prepare and the Righteous Will Wear,” in the Work?. 3 (1991)
What Is, “There Is No Blessing in That Which Is Counted,” in the Work?. 18 (1989)
What Is, “There Is None as Holy as the Lord, for There Is None Besides You,” in the Work?. 26 (1990)
What Is, “There Is Nothing that Has No Place,” in the Work?. 20 (1991)
What Is, “Warn the Great about the Small,” in the Work?. 28 (1990)
What Is, “We Have No Other King But You,” in the Work?. 1 (1991)
What Is, “When Israel Are in Exile, the Shechina Is With Them,” in the Work?. 5 (1988)
What Is, “You Shall Not Plant for Yourself an Asherah by the Altar,” in the Work?. 43 (1990)
What Is, “You Will See My Back, But My Face Shall Not Be Seen,” in the Work?. 43 (1991)
What It Means that Esau Was Called “A Man of the Field,” in the Work. 8 (1990)
What It Means that We Should Raise the Right Hand over the Left Hand, in the Work. 18 (1991)
What It Means that the Generations of the Righteous are Good Deeds, in the Work. 4 (1990)
What It Means that the Good Inclination and the Evil Inclination Guard a Person in the Work. 11 (1991)
What It Means that the Land Did Not Bear Fruit before Man Was Created, in the Work. 5 (1990)
What It Means that the Name of the Creator is “Truth”. 3 (1988)
What It Means that the World Was Created for the Torah. 3 (1990)
What It Means that “Law and Ordinance” Is the Name of the Creator in the Work. 30 (1990)
What It Means, in the Work, that If the Good Grows, So Grows the Bad. 8 (1989)
What Placing the Hanukkah Candle on the Left Means in the Work. 11 (1990)
What Should One Do If He Was Born With Bad Qualities?. 41 (1991)
What is Unfounded Hatred in the Work. 24 (1987)
What is the Preparation for Reception of the Torah - 1. 18 (1987)
What to Look For in the Assembly of Friends. 30 (1988)
What “Israel Do the Creator’s Will” Means in the Work. 32 (1990)
What “There Is No Blessing in That Which Is Counted” Means in the Work. 31 (1990)
What “You Have Given the Strong to the Hands of the Weak” Means in the Work. 13 (1991)
When Is One Considered “A Servant of the Creator” in the Work?. 18 (1988)
When Should One Use Pride in the Work?. 6 (1990)
When a Person Knows What Is Fear of the Creator. 35 (1985)
Which Keeping of Torah and Mitzvot Purifies the Heart. 8 (1984)
Who Causes the Prayer. 18 (1986)
Who Needs to Know that a Person Withstood the Test?. 28 (1989)
Who Testifies to a Person. 37 (1985)
Why Are Four Questions Asked Specifically on Passover Night?. 22 (1989)
Why Is Shabbat Called Shin-Bat in the Work?. 19 (1989)
Why Is the Torah Called “Middle Line” in the Work? - 1. 12 (1990)
Why Is the Torah Called “Middle Line” in the Work? - 2. 19 (1990)
Why Life Is Divided into Two Discernments. 1 (1988)
Why We Need “Reply unto Your Heart,” to Know that the Lord, He Is God, in the Work. 16 (1991)
Why the Festival of Matzot Is Called Passover. 13 (1987)
Why the Speech of Shabbat Must Not Be as the Speech of a Weekday, in the Work. 18 (1990)
You Stand Today, All of You. 19 (1984)

What Is the Preparation to Receive the Torah in the Work? - 2

Article No. 29, 1989

Our sages said (Shabbat, p 87), In the matter of preparation, which was there, at the time of the giving of the Torah, that there was the matter of the kingdom of priests, and the Mitzva [commandment/good deed] of limiting, and the matter of abstention. This was for the general public.

There are people who observe Torah and Mitzvot [plural of Mitzva] in general, meaning only in practice. That is, they mean that the Creator commanded us to observe Torah and Mitzvot, and in return for obeying Him, He will reward us for the labor or relinquishing many things that the body craves. This is a great effort for us not to obey what the body demands, yet we try to observe the voice of the Creator, meaning what the Creator wants. That is, we annul our will before the will of the Creator. In return for this, He will reward us in this world and in the next world, as was said, “Happy are you in this world, and happy are you in the next world.” This is the work of the general public.

And then there is the work of individuals. They want to observe Torah and Mitzvot individually. That is, they do not care what the general public does; they want to know why the Creator commanded us to observe Torah and Mitzvot. Is He deficient, needing someone to do Him a favor and observe his Torah and Mitzvot? Rather, it must be that the Torah and Mitzvot He has given us is for our sake. Then, they begin to think and pay attention, what benefit will come out of this to the created beings if they observe the Torah and Mitzvot. That is, what they lose by not observing, and what they gain by observing what the Creator has commanded us.

This is as our sages said (Avot, Chapter 2), “Be careful with a light Mitzva as with a grave one, for you do not know the reward for the Mitzvot, and consider the cost of a Mitzva compared to its reward, and the reward for a transgression (the joy you experience in the transgression) compared to its cost.” Therefore, when they begin to think about the benefit of observing Torah and Mitzvot, meaning who gains from this, they see what our sages said (Avot, Chapter 1), “Be as slaves serving the rav [great one] not in order to receive reward, and the fear of heaven will be upon you.”

This means that the fact that we must work not in order to receive reward means that it is because observing Torah and Mitzvot is not for the Creator, that He needs to be served. If this were true and He needed our work, He would certainly have to pay, just as we work for someone in this world. If a person needs the work of an employee, he certainly pays, as this is how the world works. Since our sages said to work not in order to receive reward, the reason must be that this work is for us, meaning for our sake.

Thus, how can we say that one who does some work for his own sake, meaning that he needs the work, but someone only gave us the work-plan so we would know how to work so it results in a complete product that we will enjoy, can we say that the person who he gave him the work-plan should also pay him for his work? In our world, we see the opposite: A person has to pay for the work-plan he has given us, and the one who gave the work-plan does not pay the person for working according to the work-plan he has received.

This is similar to one who wants to build a house. He goes to an engineer to make a work-plan for him. Then, who has to pay? Is it the engineer to the person who received the work-plan or does the person pay the engineer for giving him a work-plan by which he can build himself a house? Clearly, the person pays the engineer.

According to the above, it is clear that the Creator has given us the Torah and Mitzvot in order to correct ourselves, so we will have a structure of Kedusha [holiness]. Thus, who needs to pay for the plan? It is certainly we, since without Torah and Mitzvot, which is our plan for a structure of Kedusha, it would be utterly impossible to build us a structure of Kedusha. This is as our sages said, “If not for My covenant day and night, I would not put the ordinances of heaven and earth.” That is, without Torah and Mitzvot, namely the ordinances of heaven and earth, which is the structure of the world, it would not be able to exist. Rather, specifically if we build the world according to the Torah, the world can exist.

From this we understand that although we have nothing with which to pay the Creator for giving us the plan of Torah and Mitzvot, and we can only thank and praise for it, we should not ask for a reward in return for observing Torah and Mitzvot, that He should pay for our observing Torah and Mitzvot, meaning for using His plan to build for ourselves the house.

People who understand this are regarded as “walking in the work of the Creator on the path of individuals.” They have a different perspective on the issue of observing Torah and Mitzvot compared to the way that the general public understands the observance of Torah and Mitzvot—that the Creator should pay them for following the laws of the Torah, which is the Creator’s work-plan. They understand that the Creator wants them to follow the plan He has given them, and that it is for the sake of the Creator. Therefore, He should pay for this work of following His plan.

This is as our sages said (Midrash Rabbah, Portion 1:1), “Another interpretation: Amon is a craftsman [Uman]. The Torah says, ‘I was the working tool of the Creator.’ When a flesh and blood king builds a palace, he builds it not with his own skill but with the skill of an architect. And the architect does not build it out of his head, but employs plans and diagrams (which are books containing various diagrams of buildings by which the craftsman makes a plan how to build the palace). So God looked into the Torah and created the world.”

We should understand what this comes to teach us about the way of the work, how there was the creation of the world, that the Creator looked into the Torah, meaning that the Torah is the plan by which He created the world.

It is known that the purpose of creation was to do good to His creations. This was the reason for the creation of the world. For this reason, the Creator created in the creatures a desire and yearning to receive pleasures, and without pleasure, it is impossible to exist.

As we see, one who commits suicide, it is because he cannot see that he will get pleasure anywhere now, which is called “the present,” and he also does not see that in the future, he will be able to receive pleasure. Instead, he sees that the world has grown dark on him and does not shine for him. Then he has no other option but to commits suicide because he thinks that by this he will escape the torments.

For this reason, the fact that a person always wants to receive pleasures is the nature that the Creator created, that each created being aspires only to receive pleasures. We must know that everything we call the “evil inclination” is only this quality called “desire to receive pleasure in order to satisfy the yearning.”

The reason why the will to receive for oneself is called “evil inclination” is explained with respect to the correction of creation that was done. That is, when the creature receives from the Creator, there is disparity of form in this, which results in a person being ashamed to receive for himself from his friend. For this reason, a person is ashamed to eat the bread of shame. It follows that if a person would receive the delight and pleasure in vessels of reception, he would feel unpleasantness while receiving the abundance. Hence, there as a correction that as long as one does not revoke the Kelim [vessels] of the desire to receive for himself, he cannot receive delight and pleasure. It follows that the only obstructor on receiving the delight and pleasure is the will to receive for oneself. This is why this will to receive is the evil inclination.

However, how can it be revoked, as it is written, “Annul your will before His will”? He is the Torah, as our sages said, “The Creator said, ‘I have created the evil inclination; I have created the Torah as a spice.’” This means that the Creator says, “The fact that I created the will to receive pleasure, and that this is the nature of creation, as was said, that creation is called ‘existence from absence,’ means that a new thing was created here.” This was said about this will to receive. The Creator said, “I created the Torah as a spice.” That is, through “the light in it reforms him.”

It therefore follows that if there were no Torah, there would not be existence to the world, for because of the concealment and hiding that was because of the correction of the world, the creatures would have had to remain in the dark, without light. Naturally, there would be no existence to the world. This is the meaning of the Creator looking in the Torah, meaning that the Torah is the work-plan. That is, according to this plan, the world will be built through the Torah and there will be existence to the world. This is called “I have created the evil inclination; I have created the Torah as a spice.”

Concerning the study of Torah, our sages said (Hagigah 13), “A word of Torah is not to be given to an idol-worshipper, as was said, ‘He did not do so for any nation, and let them not know the ordinances.’” We should understand the meaning of idol-worshippers in the work. In the work, we learn everything in one body, as it is written in The Zohar, that man is a small world. Thus, what are idol-worshippers in the work, and what is Israel in the work?

We already said that Israel means that he wants all his actions to be for the sake of the Creator and not for his own sake. This is called Yashar-El [straight to the Creator], meaning that all his actions are directly to the Creator. The idol-worshipper is the complete opposite: All his actions are for his own sake. That is, he wants two authorities. This means that he wants to extract delight and pleasure from the authority of the Creator into his own authority.

In other words, he wants there to remain two authorities in the world—the authority of the Creator and his own authority. This is called “idol-worshipping,” which is work that is foreign to us. “Israel” means that he is working for the sake of the Creator, meaning that he is considered a “worker of the Creator,” whose actions are all for the sake of the Creator. But if a person works for his own sake and not for the sake of the Creator, this is regarded as his work being idol-worship and not work for the Creator.

It follows that the whole difference between idol-worshippers and Israel in the work is that “Israel” means that he wants to work for the sake of the Creator, and although he is still enslaved to the evil inclination and cannot subdue it, because he is walking on the path that leads to working for the sake of the Creator, he is already regarded as “Israel,” since he wants to achieve this degree.

But when a person wants to work in a state of “Israel,” which we said is regarded as working in the state of “individuals,” then all the bad in a person stands against him. That is, before he decided to go as “Israel” and his work was in the manner of the general public, he looked at the things he was doing and believed that for every single action he would receive a reward—a reward of this world and a reward of the next world. It was easy for him to do good deeds because this was not against the evil inclination, called “will to receive for himself.”

But now that he wants to work in order to annul his own authority and leave only one authority in the world—the authority of the Creator—the will to receive for himself objects to this. Then comes the wicked’s question, who asks, “What is the work for you? The fact that you want to work not for your own sake, what will you get out of it?” There is no answer to this, but as it is written, “Blunt its teeth.”

It follows that then a person needs help in order to be able to emerge from the control of the evil inclination. At that time, his only choice is what the Creator said, “I have created the evil inclination; I have created the Torah as a spice.” It follows that now is the real time when a person needs the help of the Torah to pull him out of the control of the evil inclination.

According to the above, what should one prepare in himself in order to receive the Torah? It is the need for the Torah, and a need is called a Kli [vessel]. There cannot be filling without a lack. This is similar to a person asking his friend when he invites him to come in the evening for a meal that he has prepared for him, “How should I prepare myself for eating at your place?” He will probably tell him, “Be careful not to eat at home before you come to me because then you will not be able to eat at my place.”

Likewise, in order to receive the Torah, a person must prepare himself—to have a need called a Kli, that the Torah can fill. This applies specifically when he wants to work for the sake of the Creator, for then he encounters the resistance of the body, which yells, “What is this work for you?” But a person believes in the sages, who said that only the Torah can deliver a person from the control of the evil inclination. This can be said only of those who want to be “Israel,” meaning Yashar-El [straight to the Creator]. They see that the evil inclination does not let them emerge from their control, and then they have a need to receive the Torah so the light of the Torah will reform them.

Now we can understand what our sages said, “A word of Torah is not to be given to an idol-worshipper, as was said, ‘He did not do so for any nation, and let them not know the ordinances,’” since they have no need for the Torah. One who does work that is foreign to us, meaning for his own sake, can live without the Torah, for he does not need the help of the Torah. Only Israel—those who want to work for the sake of the Creator—need the light of Torah, for “the light in it reforms him.” That is, it is impossible to defeat the evil within him without the Torah.

By this we can interpret what our sages said, “The Torah exists only in one who puts himself to death over it.” We should understand the word “exists.” What does it tell us? We should interpret this according to what our sages said, “The Creator said, ‘I have created the evil inclination; I have created the Torah as a spice.’” That is, the Torah should be a spice. In whom is this so, since “There is no light without a Kli, no filling without a lack”?

For this reason, they said that those who want to put their selves to death, meaning want to put to death the will to receive for their own sake, and want to do everything for the sake of the Creator, see that they cannot do this on their own. To them the Creator said, “I have created the evil inclination; I have created the Torah as a spice.”

But in those who do not want to annul themselves and want there to be two authorities—meaning that man’s authority will remain and the Creator will give them and they will extract the delight and pleasure at His disposal and hand it over to the receivers—the Torah does not exist. That is, the Torah does not become a spice for them, since they do not want it to be a spice, and if there is no desire and need, which are the Kli, there is no light.

Now we can understand why it is forbidden to teach Torah to idol-worshippers in the work. It means that one who is practicing work that is foreign to us, meaning works for himself, since the Torah is for the evil inclination, so that one who wants to revoke it but cannot, it was said about him, “I have created the evil inclination; I have created the Torah as a spice.”

But one who wants to work for his own sake—which is idol-worship—has no need for the Torah. Therefore, if he learns Torah, the Torah will not exist in him in terms of what the Torah is meant to give. Thus, what is the preparation for the reception of the Torah? The need for the help of the Torah. And this is done by wanting to aim everything for the sake of the Creator. Then we need the Torah to give the help.