Table of contents
Baruch Shalom Ha-Levi Ashlag (Rabash)/Articles
What Is “the People’s Shepherd Is the Whole People” in the Work?
A Congregation Is No Less than Ten. 28 (1986)
A Near Way and a Far Way. 26 (1986)
A Prayer of Many. 15 (1986)
A Real Prayer Is over a Real Deficiency. 11 (1986)
A Righteous Who Is Happy, a Righteous Who Is Suffering. 38 (1985)
According to What Is Explained Concerning “Love Thy Friend as Thyself”. 7 (1984)
All of Israel Have a Part in the Next World. 3 (1987)
And Hezekiah Turned His Face to the Wall. 15 (1985)
And I Pleaded with the Lord. 34 (1985)
And It Shall Come to Pass When You Come to the Land that the Lord Your God Gives You. 18 (1984)
And Jacob Went Out. 10 (1985)
And There Was Evening and There Was Morning. 36 (1985)
And the Lord Appeared to Him by the Oaks of Mamre. 6 (1985)
But the More They Afflicted Them. 16 (1985)
Come unto Pharaoh - 1. 19 (1985)
Come unto Pharaoh - 2. 13 (1986)
Concerning Above Reason. 21 (1986)
Concerning Ancestral Merit. 11 (1984)
Concerning Bestowal. 16 (1984)
Concerning Branch and Root. 2 (1985)
Concerning Fear and Joy. 23 (1986)
Concerning Help that Comes from Above. 8 (1986)
Concerning Hesed [Mercy]. 4 (1986)
Concerning Joy. 19 (1986)
Concerning Love of Friends. 2 (1984)
Concerning Prayer. 10 (1986)
Concerning Respecting the Father. 5 (1986)
Concerning Truth and Faith. 3 (1985)
Concerning Yenika [Nursing] and Ibur [Impregnation]. 31 (1986)
Concerning the Debate between Jacob and Laban. 11 (1985)
Concerning the Hanukkah Candle. 9 (1986)
Concerning the Importance of Friends. 17-1 (1984)
Concerning the Importance of Society. 12 (1984)
Concerning the Reward of the Receivers. 32 (1985)
Concerning the Slanderers. 18 (1985)
Confidence. 6 (1986)
Forevermore One Sells All That Is His and Marries a Wise Disciple's Daughter. 14 (1984)
Go Forth From Your Land. 5 (1985)
He Whose Heart Is Hardened. 20 (1985)
Hear Our Voice. 39 (1985)
How to Recognize One Who Serves God from One Who Does Not Serve Him. 29 (1988)
I Am the First and I Am the Last. 14 (1985)
If a Woman Inseminates. 22 (1986)
In Every Thing We Must Discern between Light and Kli. 25 (1985)
Is It Possible Something Negative Comes From Above. 15 (1984)
It is Forbidden to Hear a Good Thing From a Bad Person. 4 (1987)
Jacob Dwelled in the Land Where His Father Had Lived. 12 (1985)
Jacob Went Out. 9 (1985)
Judges and Officers. 34 (1986)
Know Today and Reply to Your Heart. 17 (1985)
Lend Ear, O Heaven. 2 (1986)
Lishma and Lo Lishma. 29 (1986)
Love of Friends - 1. 3 (1984)
Love of Friends - 2. 6 (1984)
Make for Yourself a Rav and Buy Yourself a Friend - 1. 1 (1985)
Make for Yourself a Rav and Buy Yourself a Friend - 2. 8 (1985)
Man Is Rewarded with Righteousness and Peace through the Torah. 3 (1986)
Mighty Rock of My Salvation. 13 (1985)
Moses Went. 1 (1986)
On My Bed at Night. 23 (1985)
One Does Not Regard Oneself as Wicked. 31 (1985)
One Should Always Sell the Beams of His House. 9 (1984)
One’s Greatness Depends on the Measure of One’s Faith in the Future. 9 (1987)
Peace After a Dispute Is More Important than Having No Disputes At All. 23 (1987)
Purim, and the Commandment: Until He until He Does Not Know. 11 (1987)
Purpose of Society - 1. 1-1 (1984)
Purpose of Society - 2. 1-2 (1984)
Repentance. 27 (1985)
Should One Sin and Be Guilty. 20 (1986)
Show Me Your Glory. 26 (1985)
Sometimes Spirituality Is Called "a Soul". 13 (1984)
The Agenda of the Assembly - 1. 17-2 (1984)
The Agenda of the Assembly - 2. 17 (1986)
The Connection between Passover, Matza, and Maror. 14 (1987)
The Creator and Israel Went into Exile. 27 (1986)
The Daily Schedule. 41 (1989)
The Difference between Charity and Gift. 24 (1986)
The Difference between Mercy and Truth and Untrue Mercy. 8 (1987)
The Difference between the Work of the General Public and the Work of the Individual . 16 (1987)
The Felons of Israel. 33 (1985)
The Fifteenth of Av. 35 (1986)
The Good Who Does Good, to the Bad and to the Good. 1 (1987)
The Importance of Faith that Is Always Present. 6 (1987)
The Importance of Recognition of Evil. 2 (1987)
The Importance of a Prayer of Many. 7 (1986)
The Klipa [Shell/Peel] that Precedes the Fruit. 30 (1986)
The Life of Sarah. 7 (1985)
The Lord Has Chosen Jacob for Himself. 16 (1986)
The Lord Is Near to All Who Call upon Him. 29 (1985)
The Main Difference between a Beastly Soul and a Godly Soul. 17 (1988)
The Measure of Practicing Mitzvot [Commandments]. 25 (1986)
The Miracle of Hanukkah. 7 (1987)
The Need for Love of Friends. 14 (1988)
The Order of the Work, from Baal HaSulam. 46 (1990)
The Reason for Straightening the Legs and Covering the Head During the Prayer. 32 (1986)
The Severity of Teaching Idol Worshippers the Torah. 17 (1987)
The Spies. 28 (1985)
The Whole of the Torah Is One Holy Name. 22 (1985)
These Are the Generations of Noah. 4 (1985)
These Candles Are Sacred. 12 (1991)
They Helped Every One His Friend. 4 (1984)
Three Prayers. 30 (1985)
Three Times in the Work. 24 (1985)
Two Discernments in Holiness. 15 (1987)
We Should Always Discern between Torah and Work. 21 (1985)
What Are Banners in the Work?. 32 (1991)
What Are Commandments that a Person Tramples with His Feet. 33 (1986)
What Are Day and Night in the Work?. 34 (1988)
What Are Dirty Hands in the Work of the Creator?. 21 (1987)
What Are Holiness and Purity, in the Work?. 28 (1991)
What Are Judges and Officers in the Work?. 38 (1989)
What Are Merits and Iniquities of a Righteous in the Work?. 22 (1988)
What Are Revealed and Concealed in the Work of the Creator?. 19 (1987)
What Are Silver, Gold, Israel, Rest of Nations, in the Work?. 19 (1988)
What Are Spies in the Work?. 33 (1989)
What Are Torah and Work in the Way of the Creator?. 12 (1988)
What Are Truth and Falsehood in the Work?. 40 (1991)
What Are a Blessing and a Curse, in the Work?. 42 (1990)
What Are the Forces Required in the Work?. 11 (1989)
What Are the Four Qualities of Those Who Go to the Seminary, in the Work?. 10 (1988)
What Are the Light Mitzvot that a Person Tramples with His Heels, in the Work?. 41 (1990)
What Are the Times of Prayer and Gratitude in the Work?. 7 (1990)
What Are the Two Actions During a Descent?. 32 (1988)
What Are the Two Discernments before Lishma?. 11 (1988)
What Are “A Layperson’s Vessels,” in the Work?. 34 (1990)
What Are “Blessing” and “Curse” in the Work?. 27 (1987)
What Beginning in Lo Lishma Means in the Work. 23 (1988)
What Does It Mean that Before the Egyptian Minister Fell, Their Outcry Was Not Answered, in the Work?. 15 (1990)
What Does It Mean that Charity to the Poor Makes the Holy Name, in the Work?. 31 (1991)
What Does It Mean that Man’s Blessing Is the Blessing of the Sons, in the Work?. 14 (1991)
What Does It Mean that Moses Was Perplexed about the Birth of the Moon, in the Work?. 23 (1990)
What Does It Mean that Oil Is Called “Good Deeds” in the Work?. 32 (1989)
What Does It Mean that One Should Bear a Son and a Daughter, in the Work?. 24 (1991)
What Does It Mean that One Who Prays Should Explain His Words Properly?. 8 (1988)
What Does It Mean that One Who Repents Should Be in Happiness?. 25 (1991)
What Does It Mean that One Who Was On a Far Off Way Is Postponed to a Second Passover, in the Work?. 30 (1991)
What Does It Mean that Our Sages Said, “King David Did Not Have a Life,” in the Work?. 10 (1990)
What Does It Mean that We Read the Portion, Zachor [Remember], Before Purim, in the Work?. 21 (1991)
What Does It Mean that a High Priest Should Take a Virgin Wife, in the Work?. 29 (1991)
What Does It Mean that a Judge Must Judge Absolutely Truthfully, in the Work?. 45 (1991)
What Does It Mean that by the Unification of the Creator and the Shechina, All Iniquities Are Atoned?. 13 (1990)
What Does It Mean that the Creation of the World Was by Largess?. 5 (1989)
What Does It Mean that the Creator Favors Someone, in the Work?. 33 (1991)
What Does It Mean that the Evil Inclination Ascends and Slanders, in the Work?. 20 (1989)
What Does It Mean that the Ladder Is Diagonal, in the Work?. 10 (1989)
What Does It Mean that the Right Must Be Greater than the Left, in the Work?. 39 (1991)
What Does It Mean that the Right and the Left Are in Contrast, in the Work?. 47 (1991)
What Does It Mean that the Righteous Suffers Afflictions?. 9 (1988)
What Does It Mean that the Torah Was Given Out of the Darkness in the Work?. 21 (1988)
What Does the Rule "Love Thy Friend as Thyself" Give Us. 5 (1984)
What Does “May We Be the Head and Not the Tail” Mean in the Work?. 1 (1990)
What Does “The King Stands on His Field When the Crop Is Ripe” Mean in the Work?. 10 (1991)
What Does, “Everything that Comes to Be a Burnt Offering Is Male,” Mean in the Work?. 24 (1990)
What Is Above Reason in the Work?. 6 (1989)
What Is Do Not Add and Do Not Take Away in the Work?. 28 (1987)
What Is Eating Their Fruits in This World and Keeping the Principal for the Next World, in the Work?. 34 (1991)
What Is Half a Shekel in the Work - 1. 12 (1987)
What Is Half a Shekel in the Work? - 2. 20 (1990)
What Is Heaviness of the Head in the Work?. 25 (1987)
What Is Making a Covenant in the Work. 31 (1987)
What Is Man’s Private Possession?. 20 (1987)
What Is Peace in the Work?. 34 (1989)
What Is Preparation for Selichot [Forgiveness]. 36 (1986)
What Is Revealing a Portion and Covering Two Portions in the Work?. 26 (1991)
What Is True Hesed in the Work?. 14 (1990)
What Is a Flood of Water in the Work?. 4 (1989)
What Is a Great or a Small Sin in the Work?. 2 (1989)
What Is a Groom’s Meal?. 12 (1989)
What Is a Light Commandment. 26 (1987)
What Is a War Over Authority in the Work – 1. 30 (1987)
What Is an Optional War, in the work? - 2. 44 (1990)
What Is the Advantage in the Work More than in the Reward?. 5 (1987)
What Is the Assistance that He who Comes to Purify Receives in the Work?. 17 (1990)
What Is the Blessing, “Who Made a Miracle for Me in This Place,” in the Work?. 15 (1991)
What Is the Degree One Should Achieve in Order Not to Have to Reincarnate? . 10 (1984)
What Is the Difference between General and Individual in the Work of the Creator?. 33 (1988)
What Is the Difference between Law and Judgment in the Work?. 26 (1988)
What Is the Difference between a Field and a Man of the Field, in the Work?. 6 (1988)
What Is the Difference between the Gate of Tears and the Rest of the Gates?. 3 (1989)
What Is the Extent of Teshuva [Repentance]?. 2 (1988)
What Is the Foundation on which Kedusha [Holiness] Is Built?. 16 (1988)
What Is the Gift that a Person Asks of the Creator?. 22 (1987)
What Is the Help in the Work that One Should Ask of the Creator?. 35 (1988)
What Is the Importance of the Groom, that His Iniquities Are Forgiven?. 7 (1988)
What Is the Main Deficiency for which One Should Pray?. 12 (1986)
What Is the Meaning of Failure in the Work?. 2 (1990)
What Is the Meaning of Lighting the Menorah in the Work?. 30 (1989)
What Is the Meaning of Suffering in the Work?. 27 (1989)
What Is the Meaning of the Purification of a Cow’s Ashes, in the Work?. 23 (1991)
What Is the Meaning of “Reply unto Your Heart”?. 14 (1989)
What Is the Meaning of “Spies,” in the Work?. 35 (1991)
What Is the Measure of Repentance?. 1 (1989)
What Is the Need to Borrow Kelim [Vessels] from the Egyptians?. 14 (1986)
What Is the Order in Blotting Out Amalek?. 22 (1990)
What Is the Prayer for Help and for Forgiveness in the Work?. 4 (1988)
What Is the Preparation on the Eve of Shabbat, in the Work?. 25 (1988)
What Is the Preparation to Receive the Torah in the Work? - 2. 29 (1989)
What Is the Prohibition to Bless on an Empty Table, in the Work?. 16 (1989)
What Is the Prohibition to Greet Before Blessing the Creator, in the Work?. 17 (1989)
What Is the Prohibition to Teach Torah to Idol-Worshippers in the Work?. 31 (1989)
What Is the Reason for which Israel Were Rewarded with Inheritance of the Land, in the Work?. 44 (1991)
What Is the Reward in the Work of Bestowal?. 20 (1988)
What Is the Son of the Beloved and the Son of the Hated in the Work?. 46 (1991)
What Is the Substance of Slander and Against Whom Is It?. 10 (1987)
What Is the Work of Man, in the Work, which Is Attributed to the Creator?. 31 (1988)
What Is the “Bread of an Evil-Eyed Man” in the Work?. 13 (1989)
What Is the “Right Line,” in the Work?. 38 (1991)
What Is the “Torah” and What Is “The Statute of the Torah,” in the Work?. 37 (1991)
What Is “A Lily Among the Thorns,” in the Work?. 22 (1991)
What Is “A Road Whose Beginning Is Thorns and Its End Is a Plain” in the Work?. 37 (1989)
What Is “According to the Sorrow, So Is the Reward”?. 29 (1987)
What Is “Do Not Slight the Blessing of a Layperson” in the Work?. 24 (1989)
What Is “For It Is Your Wisdom and Understanding in the Eyes of the Nations,” in the Work?. 36 (1989)
What Is “For Lack of Spirit and for Hard Work,” in the Work?. 16 (1990)
What Is “He Who Defiles Himself Is Defiled from Above” in the Work?. 26 (1989)
What Is “He Who Did Not Toil on the Eve of Shabbat, What Will He Eat on Shabbat” in the Work?. 7 (1989)
What Is “He Who Enjoys at a Groom’s Meal,” in the Work?. 35 (1990)
What Is “He Who Has a Flaw Shall Not Offer [Sacrifice]” in the Work?. 25 (1989)
What Is “Man” and What Is “Beast” in the Work?. 7 (1991)
What Is “The Concealed Things Belong to the Lord, and the Revealed Things Belong to Us,” in the Work?. 24 (1988)
What Is “The Earth Feared and Was Still,” in the Work?. 33 (1990)
What Is “There Is No Blessing in an Empty Place” in the Work?. 15 (1988)
What Is “the People’s Shepherd Is the Whole People” in the Work?. 13 (1988)
What Is, His Guidance Is Concealed and Revealed?. 28 (1988)
What Is, If He Swallows the Bitter Herb, He Will Not Come Out, in the Work?. 23 (1989)
What Is, “A Cup of Blessing Must Be Full,” in the Work?. 38 (1990)
What Is, “A Drunken Man Must Not Pray, in the Work?. 21 (1989)
What Is, “A Ladder Is Set on the Earth, and Its Top Reaches Heaven,” in the Work?. 9 (1990)
What Is, “An Ox Knows Its Owner, etc., Israel Does Not Know,” in the Work?. 42 (1991)
What Is, “And Abraham Was Old, of Many Days,” in the Work?. 8 (1991)
What Is, “Anyone Who Mourns forJerusalem Is Rewarded with Seeing Its Joy,” in the Work?. 39 (1990)
What Is, “As I Am for Nothing, so You Are for Nothing,” in the Work?. 21 (1990)
What Is, “Calamity that Comes upon the Wicked Begins with the Righteous,” in the Work?. 9 (1989)
What Is, “Every Blade of Grass Has an Appointee Above, Who Strikes It and Tells It, Grow!” in the Work?. 27 (1990)
What Is, “Every Day They Will Be as New in Your Eyes,” in the Work?. 40 (1989)
What Is, “For I Have Hardened His Heart,” in the work?. 17 (1991)
What Is, “For You Are the Least of All the Peoples,” in the Work?. 40 (1990)
What Is, “He Who Is Without Sons,” in the Work?. 35 (1989)
What Is, “If a Woman Inseminates First, She Delivers a Male Child,” in the Work?. 27 (1991)
What Is, “Peace, Peace, to the Far and to the Near,” in the Work?. 36 (1991)
What Is, “Praise the Lord, All Nations,” in the Work?. 25 (1990)
What Is, “Return, O Israel, Unto the Lord Your God,” in the Work?. 2 (1991)
What Is, “Rise Up, O Lord, and Let Your Enemies Be Scattered,” in the Work?. 19 (1991)
What Is, “The Children of Esau and Ishmael Did Not Want to Receive the Torah,” in the Work?. 36 (1990)
What Is, “The Concealed Things Belong to the Lord Our God,” in the work?. 45 (1990)
What Is, “The Creator Does Not Tolerate the Proud,” in the Work?. 27 (1988)
What Is, “The Good Deeds of the Righteous Are the Generations,” in the Work?. 5 (1991)
What Is, “The Herdsmen of Abram’s Cattle and the Herdsmen of Lot’s Cattle,” in the Work?. 6 (1991)
What Is, “The Righteous Become Apparent through the Wicked,” in the Work?. 15 (1989)
What Is, “The Saboteur Was in the Flood, and Was Putting to Death,” in the Work?. 4 (1991)
What Is, “The Shechina Is a Testimony to Israel,” in the Work?. 37 (1990)
What Is, “The Smell of His Garments,” in the Work?. 9 (1991)
What Is, “The Torah Exhausts a Person’s Strength,” in the Work?. 29 (1990)
What Is, “The Torah Speaks Only Against the Evil Inclination,” in the Work?. 39 (1989)
What Is, “The Wicked Will Prepare and the Righteous Will Wear,” in the Work?. 3 (1991)
What Is, “There Is No Blessing in That Which Is Counted,” in the Work?. 18 (1989)
What Is, “There Is None as Holy as the Lord, for There Is None Besides You,” in the Work?. 26 (1990)
What Is, “There Is Nothing that Has No Place,” in the Work?. 20 (1991)
What Is, “Warn the Great about the Small,” in the Work?. 28 (1990)
What Is, “We Have No Other King But You,” in the Work?. 1 (1991)
What Is, “When Israel Are in Exile, the Shechina Is With Them,” in the Work?. 5 (1988)
What Is, “You Shall Not Plant for Yourself an Asherah by the Altar,” in the Work?. 43 (1990)
What Is, “You Will See My Back, But My Face Shall Not Be Seen,” in the Work?. 43 (1991)
What It Means that Esau Was Called “A Man of the Field,” in the Work. 8 (1990)
What It Means that We Should Raise the Right Hand over the Left Hand, in the Work. 18 (1991)
What It Means that the Generations of the Righteous are Good Deeds, in the Work. 4 (1990)
What It Means that the Good Inclination and the Evil Inclination Guard a Person in the Work. 11 (1991)
What It Means that the Land Did Not Bear Fruit before Man Was Created, in the Work. 5 (1990)
What It Means that the Name of the Creator is “Truth”. 3 (1988)
What It Means that the World Was Created for the Torah. 3 (1990)
What It Means that “Law and Ordinance” Is the Name of the Creator in the Work. 30 (1990)
What It Means, in the Work, that If the Good Grows, So Grows the Bad. 8 (1989)
What Placing the Hanukkah Candle on the Left Means in the Work. 11 (1990)
What Should One Do If He Was Born With Bad Qualities?. 41 (1991)
What is Unfounded Hatred in the Work. 24 (1987)
What is the Preparation for Reception of the Torah - 1. 18 (1987)
What to Look For in the Assembly of Friends. 30 (1988)
What “Israel Do the Creator’s Will” Means in the Work. 32 (1990)
What “There Is No Blessing in That Which Is Counted” Means in the Work. 31 (1990)
What “You Have Given the Strong to the Hands of the Weak” Means in the Work. 13 (1991)
When Is One Considered “A Servant of the Creator” in the Work?. 18 (1988)
When Should One Use Pride in the Work?. 6 (1990)
When a Person Knows What Is Fear of the Creator. 35 (1985)
Which Keeping of Torah and Mitzvot Purifies the Heart. 8 (1984)
Who Causes the Prayer. 18 (1986)
Who Needs to Know that a Person Withstood the Test?. 28 (1989)
Who Testifies to a Person. 37 (1985)
Why Are Four Questions Asked Specifically on Passover Night?. 22 (1989)
Why Is Shabbat Called Shin-Bat in the Work?. 19 (1989)
Why Is the Torah Called “Middle Line” in the Work? - 1. 12 (1990)
Why Is the Torah Called “Middle Line” in the Work? - 2. 19 (1990)
Why Life Is Divided into Two Discernments. 1 (1988)
Why We Need “Reply unto Your Heart,” to Know that the Lord, He Is God, in the Work. 16 (1991)
Why the Festival of Matzot Is Called Passover. 13 (1987)
Why the Speech of Shabbat Must Not Be as the Speech of a Weekday, in the Work. 18 (1990)
You Stand Today, All of You. 19 (1984)

What Is “the People’s Shepherd Is the Whole People” in the Work?

Article No. 13, 1988

It is written in The Zohar (Beshalach, Item 68): “‘And Moses said to the people, ‘Do not fear; stand by and see the salvation of the Lord.’’ Rabbi Shimon said, ‘Happy are Israel that a shepherd such as Moses walks among them. It is written, ‘And He remembered the days of old, Moses is His people.’ ‘And He remembered the days of old’ is the Creator. ‘Moses is His people,’ since Moses was tantamount to the whole of Israel. We learn from this that the people’s shepherd is really the whole people. If he is rewarded, the whole of the people are righteous; and if he is not rewarded, the whole of the people are not rewarded and are punished because of him.’”

We should understand this in the work, where we learn everything in one body, meaning that both Moses and Israel are in the same body. We should also understand why if he is not rewarded, meaning the people’s shepherd, they are punished because of him. We learned that if the shepherd is righteous, the people are also righteous. But why should the people be punished because of him? What did they do that they are to blame for the fault of the shepherd?

It known that The Zohar calls Moses “the loyal shepherd.” Baal HaSulam interpreted that he was nourishing the people of Israel with faith. He said that man does not lack any power in order to be able to observe Torah and Mitzvot [commandments/good deeds] in full, but only faith. To the extent that he has faith, to that extent he can exert in the work.

He says in the “Introduction to The Study of the Ten Sefirot” (Item 14): “I once interpreted the saying of our sages, ‘He whose Torah is his trade.’ The measure of his faith is apparent in his practice of Torah because the letters of the word Umanuto [his trade] are the same [in Hebrew] as the letters of the word Emunato [his faith]. It is like a person who trusts his friend and lends him money. He may trust him with a pound, and if he asks for two pounds he will refuse to lend him. He may also trust him with all his property without a hint of fear. This last faith is considered ‘whole faith,’ and the previous forms are considered ‘incomplete faith.’ Rather it is partial faith.” Thus, we see that man lacks no power but only faith, and this is what gives man the power to work.

By this we can interpret what Rabbi Shimon said, “Happy are Israel that a shepherd such as Moses walks among them.” It means that the people of Israel have within them faith, which is called “Moses, the faithful shepherd.” Then, since they have faith, they have the strength to engage in Torah and Mitzvot. In other words, within every person there is faith in the Creator, which is called “Moses, the faithful shepherd.” At that time the whole people are righteous, meaning that all of man’s organs, namely his thoughts and desires, which are called “organs,” and this is called “a people.”

This is the meaning of what is written, “‘And He remembered the days of old’ is the Creator. ‘Moses is His people,’ since Moses was tantamount to the whole of Israel.” We learn from this that “the people’s shepherd is really the whole people,” for the faith in man is the whole of man. That is, if he has the quality of Moses, which is called “faith,” then the whole people are righteous. This is why he says, “If he is rewarded, the whole people are righteous,” for “rewarded” means that his shepherd is faith, called Moses.

He says, “If he is not rewarded, the whole people are not rewarded and are punished because of him.” It is known that if there is a righteous, he protects the generation, and if there is no righteous, we can say that there is no one to save the generation. Yet, why are they punished because of him if he is not rewarded? Why is it the generation’s fault?

According to the rule that Baal HaSulam said, all the heaviness in the work of the Creator is only the lack of faith, since when a person is rewarded with complete faith, he yearns to annul before the Creator as a candle before a torch. Naturally, all his organs, meaning his thoughts and desires, follow what faith obliges him to do, they do it. This is why he says that if he is rewarded, all the organs are righteous, since thoughts and desires of the righteous extend from faith in the Creator.

Accordingly, it is obvious that if the people’s shepherd is not rewarded, meaning that his faith, which should be cleansed, meaning complete faith, yet he has only partial faith, as it is written (“Introduction to the Study of the Ten Sefirot,” Item 14), “the whole people are not rewarded.” This means that all his organs do things that are suitable for those without complete faith. “They are punished because of him,” meaning that it is not their fault that they have thoughts and desires unfit for one who has faith.

That is, if their shepherd had complete faith, the organs would listen to him and would have thoughts and desires of a righteous. This is why they suffer because of him, since he does not have complete faith. This is why such thoughts are born out of this shepherd.

Therefore, when a person wants to walk on the path of truth, he cannot say that he has worse qualities than others, and less intellect than others. That is, he cannot exempt himself from the work because he has a weak character or no talent. Instead, the only difficulty in the matter is the lack of faith. For this reason, a person should do all his work and all his actions in order to acquire faith in the Creator, for only this gives everything.

For this reason, when a person learns Torah or engages in Mitzvot, or when he prays, he should focus his thoughts on wanting reward for all his good deeds—that the Creator will give him complete faith. This is as it is written in the prayer of Rabbi Elimelech (“A Prayer before a Prayer”): “And do fix Your Faith in our hearts forever and ever, and let Your Faith be tied to our hearts as a stake that will not fall.” This is the meaning of “The people’s shepherd is really the whole people.”

In order to achieve complete faith, they said, “He who comes to purify is aided.” The reason is that since faith requires assistance from the Creator, and there is a rule, “There is no light without a Kli [vessel],” it means that it is impossible to fill up a place where there is no lack, which is called a need, namely a Kli, as he said, “there is no light without a Kli.”

In order to come to feel the need for faith, a person must first imagine what benefits he can derive through faith, and what he loses when he has only partial faith. First, he must depict to himself the purpose of creation, meaning for what purpose the Creator created creation. Then, he must believe in the sages, who said that the purpose of creation is to do good to His creations.

When a person begins to examine creation with his eyes, meaning which form of good and doing good he sees that the creatures are receiving from Him, the opposite view appears to man. He sees that the whole world suffers torments, and it is hard to find one person who can say that he feels and sees how His guidance is in the form of good and doing good.

In that state, when he sees a dark world, and he wants to believe above reason that the Creator behaves with the world in Private Providence as good and doing good, he remains standing on this point, and all kinds of foreign thoughts come into his mind. Then, he must overcome above reason, that Providence is good and does good. At that time he receives a need for the Creator to give him the power of faith that he will have the strength to go above reason and justify Providence.

Then he can understand the meaning of “Shechina [Divinity] in the dust,” since then he sees that where he should do something for the Creator and not for his own sake, the body promptly asks, “What is this work for you?” and does not want to give him strength to work. This is called “Shechina in the dust,” meaning that what he wants to do for the sake of the Shechina tastes to him like dust and he is powerless to overcome his thoughts and desires.

At that time a person realizes that all he lacks in order to have strength to work is that the Creator will give him the power of faith, as said above (in the prayer of Rabbi Elimelech), that we must pray, “And do fix Your Faith in our hearts forever and ever.” In that state, he comes to the realization that “If the Creator does not help him, he cannot overcome it.”

Now we can interpret what our sages said (Berachot 6b), “Any person in whom there is fear of heaven, his words are heard,” as it was said, “In the end, all is heard, fear God.” This is difficult to understand literally. After all, there were many prophets and righteous and great people, so why were their words not heard, but Israel remained in their state and would not listen to those who admonish? In the literal, there are probably many explanations to this.

However, in the work, where we learn the whole Torah in one body, we should interpret this verse. One who wants his body, meaning all the organs, which are the thoughts, desires, and actions, to be purely sacred, the advice for this, for the body to obey all his demands, is to obtain complete faith, which is called “fear of heaven.”

There are many degrees in faith, as it is said in The Zohar (“Introduction of The Book of Zohar,” Item 191), “Fear, which is the most important, is when one fears one’s Master because He is great and ruling, the essence and the root of all the worlds, and everything is considered nothing compared to Him.” Interpreting the words teaches us that there are three manners in fear of the Creator, only one of which is regarded as real fear: 1) He fears the Creator and observes His commandments so his sons may live, and he will be kept from bodily punishment or a punishment to his wealth. This is a fear of punishments in this world. 2) He fears punishments of Hell, as well.

Those two are not real fear, for he does not keep the fear because of the commandment of the Creator, but because of his own benefit. It follows that his own benefit is the root, and fear is a derived branch of his own benefit.

3) Fear, which is the most important, means that he fears the Creator because He is great and rules over everything. He is great because He is the root from which all the worlds expand.

It follows that the most important point about fear or heaven is to believe in the greatness of the Creator, for the greatness and importance of the Creator is the reason that commits him to observe Torah and Mitzvot, and not for his own sake. It is as he says there, “And he will place his heart and desires in that place called ‘fear.’ He will cling to fear of the Creator willingly and eagerly, as is befitting and proper with the King’s commandment.”

When a person is rewarded with such faith, meaning that he feels in his heart the greatness of the Creator, the body and all the organs, meaning the desires, thoughts, and actions, annul before the King as a candle before a torch.