Table of contents
Baruch Shalom Ha-Levi Ashlag (Rabash)/Articles
What Are the Light Mitzvot that a Person Tramples with His Heels, in the Work?
A Congregation Is No Less than Ten. 28 (1986)
A Near Way and a Far Way. 26 (1986)
A Prayer of Many. 15 (1986)
A Real Prayer Is over a Real Deficiency. 11 (1986)
A Righteous Who Is Happy, a Righteous Who Is Suffering. 38 (1985)
According to What Is Explained Concerning “Love Thy Friend as Thyself”. 7 (1984)
All of Israel Have a Part in the Next World. 3 (1987)
And Hezekiah Turned His Face to the Wall. 15 (1985)
And I Pleaded with the Lord. 34 (1985)
And It Shall Come to Pass When You Come to the Land that the Lord Your God Gives You. 18 (1984)
And Jacob Went Out. 10 (1985)
And There Was Evening and There Was Morning. 36 (1985)
And the Lord Appeared to Him by the Oaks of Mamre. 6 (1985)
But the More They Afflicted Them. 16 (1985)
Come unto Pharaoh - 1. 19 (1985)
Come unto Pharaoh - 2. 13 (1986)
Concerning Above Reason. 21 (1986)
Concerning Ancestral Merit. 11 (1984)
Concerning Bestowal. 16 (1984)
Concerning Branch and Root. 2 (1985)
Concerning Fear and Joy. 23 (1986)
Concerning Help that Comes from Above. 8 (1986)
Concerning Hesed [Mercy]. 4 (1986)
Concerning Joy. 19 (1986)
Concerning Love of Friends. 2 (1984)
Concerning Prayer. 10 (1986)
Concerning Respecting the Father. 5 (1986)
Concerning Truth and Faith. 3 (1985)
Concerning Yenika [Nursing] and Ibur [Impregnation]. 31 (1986)
Concerning the Debate between Jacob and Laban. 11 (1985)
Concerning the Hanukkah Candle. 9 (1986)
Concerning the Importance of Friends. 17-1 (1984)
Concerning the Importance of Society. 12 (1984)
Concerning the Reward of the Receivers. 32 (1985)
Concerning the Slanderers. 18 (1985)
Confidence. 6 (1986)
Forevermore One Sells All That Is His and Marries a Wise Disciple's Daughter. 14 (1984)
Go Forth From Your Land. 5 (1985)
He Whose Heart Is Hardened. 20 (1985)
Hear Our Voice. 39 (1985)
How to Recognize One Who Serves God from One Who Does Not Serve Him. 29 (1988)
I Am the First and I Am the Last. 14 (1985)
If a Woman Inseminates. 22 (1986)
In Every Thing We Must Discern between Light and Kli. 25 (1985)
Is It Possible Something Negative Comes From Above. 15 (1984)
It is Forbidden to Hear a Good Thing From a Bad Person. 4 (1987)
Jacob Dwelled in the Land Where His Father Had Lived. 12 (1985)
Jacob Went Out. 9 (1985)
Judges and Officers. 34 (1986)
Know Today and Reply to Your Heart. 17 (1985)
Lend Ear, O Heaven. 2 (1986)
Lishma and Lo Lishma. 29 (1986)
Love of Friends - 1. 3 (1984)
Love of Friends - 2. 6 (1984)
Make for Yourself a Rav and Buy Yourself a Friend - 1. 1 (1985)
Make for Yourself a Rav and Buy Yourself a Friend - 2. 8 (1985)
Man Is Rewarded with Righteousness and Peace through the Torah. 3 (1986)
Mighty Rock of My Salvation. 13 (1985)
Moses Went. 1 (1986)
On My Bed at Night. 23 (1985)
One Does Not Regard Oneself as Wicked. 31 (1985)
One Should Always Sell the Beams of His House. 9 (1984)
One’s Greatness Depends on the Measure of One’s Faith in the Future. 9 (1987)
Peace After a Dispute Is More Important than Having No Disputes At All. 23 (1987)
Purim, and the Commandment: Until He until He Does Not Know. 11 (1987)
Purpose of Society - 1. 1-1 (1984)
Purpose of Society - 2. 1-2 (1984)
Repentance. 27 (1985)
Should One Sin and Be Guilty. 20 (1986)
Show Me Your Glory. 26 (1985)
Sometimes Spirituality Is Called "a Soul". 13 (1984)
The Agenda of the Assembly - 1. 17-2 (1984)
The Agenda of the Assembly - 2. 17 (1986)
The Connection between Passover, Matza, and Maror. 14 (1987)
The Creator and Israel Went into Exile. 27 (1986)
The Daily Schedule. 41 (1989)
The Difference between Charity and Gift. 24 (1986)
The Difference between Mercy and Truth and Untrue Mercy. 8 (1987)
The Difference between the Work of the General Public and the Work of the Individual . 16 (1987)
The Felons of Israel. 33 (1985)
The Fifteenth of Av. 35 (1986)
The Good Who Does Good, to the Bad and to the Good. 1 (1987)
The Importance of Faith that Is Always Present. 6 (1987)
The Importance of Recognition of Evil. 2 (1987)
The Importance of a Prayer of Many. 7 (1986)
The Klipa [Shell/Peel] that Precedes the Fruit. 30 (1986)
The Life of Sarah. 7 (1985)
The Lord Has Chosen Jacob for Himself. 16 (1986)
The Lord Is Near to All Who Call upon Him. 29 (1985)
The Main Difference between a Beastly Soul and a Godly Soul. 17 (1988)
The Measure of Practicing Mitzvot [Commandments]. 25 (1986)
The Miracle of Hanukkah. 7 (1987)
The Need for Love of Friends. 14 (1988)
The Order of the Work, from Baal HaSulam. 46 (1990)
The Reason for Straightening the Legs and Covering the Head During the Prayer. 32 (1986)
The Severity of Teaching Idol Worshippers the Torah. 17 (1987)
The Spies. 28 (1985)
The Whole of the Torah Is One Holy Name. 22 (1985)
These Are the Generations of Noah. 4 (1985)
These Candles Are Sacred. 12 (1991)
They Helped Every One His Friend. 4 (1984)
Three Prayers. 30 (1985)
Three Times in the Work. 24 (1985)
Two Discernments in Holiness. 15 (1987)
We Should Always Discern between Torah and Work. 21 (1985)
What Are Banners in the Work?. 32 (1991)
What Are Commandments that a Person Tramples with His Feet. 33 (1986)
What Are Day and Night in the Work?. 34 (1988)
What Are Dirty Hands in the Work of the Creator?. 21 (1987)
What Are Holiness and Purity, in the Work?. 28 (1991)
What Are Judges and Officers in the Work?. 38 (1989)
What Are Merits and Iniquities of a Righteous in the Work?. 22 (1988)
What Are Revealed and Concealed in the Work of the Creator?. 19 (1987)
What Are Silver, Gold, Israel, Rest of Nations, in the Work?. 19 (1988)
What Are Spies in the Work?. 33 (1989)
What Are Torah and Work in the Way of the Creator?. 12 (1988)
What Are Truth and Falsehood in the Work?. 40 (1991)
What Are a Blessing and a Curse, in the Work?. 42 (1990)
What Are the Forces Required in the Work?. 11 (1989)
What Are the Four Qualities of Those Who Go to the Seminary, in the Work?. 10 (1988)
What Are the Light Mitzvot that a Person Tramples with His Heels, in the Work?. 41 (1990)
What Are the Times of Prayer and Gratitude in the Work?. 7 (1990)
What Are the Two Actions During a Descent?. 32 (1988)
What Are the Two Discernments before Lishma?. 11 (1988)
What Are “A Layperson’s Vessels,” in the Work?. 34 (1990)
What Are “Blessing” and “Curse” in the Work?. 27 (1987)
What Beginning in Lo Lishma Means in the Work. 23 (1988)
What Does It Mean that Before the Egyptian Minister Fell, Their Outcry Was Not Answered, in the Work?. 15 (1990)
What Does It Mean that Charity to the Poor Makes the Holy Name, in the Work?. 31 (1991)
What Does It Mean that Man’s Blessing Is the Blessing of the Sons, in the Work?. 14 (1991)
What Does It Mean that Moses Was Perplexed about the Birth of the Moon, in the Work?. 23 (1990)
What Does It Mean that Oil Is Called “Good Deeds” in the Work?. 32 (1989)
What Does It Mean that One Should Bear a Son and a Daughter, in the Work?. 24 (1991)
What Does It Mean that One Who Prays Should Explain His Words Properly?. 8 (1988)
What Does It Mean that One Who Repents Should Be in Happiness?. 25 (1991)
What Does It Mean that One Who Was On a Far Off Way Is Postponed to a Second Passover, in the Work?. 30 (1991)
What Does It Mean that Our Sages Said, “King David Did Not Have a Life,” in the Work?. 10 (1990)
What Does It Mean that We Read the Portion, Zachor [Remember], Before Purim, in the Work?. 21 (1991)
What Does It Mean that a High Priest Should Take a Virgin Wife, in the Work?. 29 (1991)
What Does It Mean that a Judge Must Judge Absolutely Truthfully, in the Work?. 45 (1991)
What Does It Mean that by the Unification of the Creator and the Shechina, All Iniquities Are Atoned?. 13 (1990)
What Does It Mean that the Creation of the World Was by Largess?. 5 (1989)
What Does It Mean that the Creator Favors Someone, in the Work?. 33 (1991)
What Does It Mean that the Evil Inclination Ascends and Slanders, in the Work?. 20 (1989)
What Does It Mean that the Ladder Is Diagonal, in the Work?. 10 (1989)
What Does It Mean that the Right Must Be Greater than the Left, in the Work?. 39 (1991)
What Does It Mean that the Right and the Left Are in Contrast, in the Work?. 47 (1991)
What Does It Mean that the Righteous Suffers Afflictions?. 9 (1988)
What Does It Mean that the Torah Was Given Out of the Darkness in the Work?. 21 (1988)
What Does the Rule "Love Thy Friend as Thyself" Give Us. 5 (1984)
What Does “May We Be the Head and Not the Tail” Mean in the Work?. 1 (1990)
What Does “The King Stands on His Field When the Crop Is Ripe” Mean in the Work?. 10 (1991)
What Does, “Everything that Comes to Be a Burnt Offering Is Male,” Mean in the Work?. 24 (1990)
What Is Above Reason in the Work?. 6 (1989)
What Is Do Not Add and Do Not Take Away in the Work?. 28 (1987)
What Is Eating Their Fruits in This World and Keeping the Principal for the Next World, in the Work?. 34 (1991)
What Is Half a Shekel in the Work - 1. 12 (1987)
What Is Half a Shekel in the Work? - 2. 20 (1990)
What Is Heaviness of the Head in the Work?. 25 (1987)
What Is Making a Covenant in the Work. 31 (1987)
What Is Man’s Private Possession?. 20 (1987)
What Is Peace in the Work?. 34 (1989)
What Is Preparation for Selichot [Forgiveness]. 36 (1986)
What Is Revealing a Portion and Covering Two Portions in the Work?. 26 (1991)
What Is True Hesed in the Work?. 14 (1990)
What Is a Flood of Water in the Work?. 4 (1989)
What Is a Great or a Small Sin in the Work?. 2 (1989)
What Is a Groom’s Meal?. 12 (1989)
What Is a Light Commandment. 26 (1987)
What Is a War Over Authority in the Work – 1. 30 (1987)
What Is an Optional War, in the work? - 2. 44 (1990)
What Is the Advantage in the Work More than in the Reward?. 5 (1987)
What Is the Assistance that He who Comes to Purify Receives in the Work?. 17 (1990)
What Is the Blessing, “Who Made a Miracle for Me in This Place,” in the Work?. 15 (1991)
What Is the Degree One Should Achieve in Order Not to Have to Reincarnate? . 10 (1984)
What Is the Difference between General and Individual in the Work of the Creator?. 33 (1988)
What Is the Difference between Law and Judgment in the Work?. 26 (1988)
What Is the Difference between a Field and a Man of the Field, in the Work?. 6 (1988)
What Is the Difference between the Gate of Tears and the Rest of the Gates?. 3 (1989)
What Is the Extent of Teshuva [Repentance]?. 2 (1988)
What Is the Foundation on which Kedusha [Holiness] Is Built?. 16 (1988)
What Is the Gift that a Person Asks of the Creator?. 22 (1987)
What Is the Help in the Work that One Should Ask of the Creator?. 35 (1988)
What Is the Importance of the Groom, that His Iniquities Are Forgiven?. 7 (1988)
What Is the Main Deficiency for which One Should Pray?. 12 (1986)
What Is the Meaning of Failure in the Work?. 2 (1990)
What Is the Meaning of Lighting the Menorah in the Work?. 30 (1989)
What Is the Meaning of Suffering in the Work?. 27 (1989)
What Is the Meaning of the Purification of a Cow’s Ashes, in the Work?. 23 (1991)
What Is the Meaning of “Reply unto Your Heart”?. 14 (1989)
What Is the Meaning of “Spies,” in the Work?. 35 (1991)
What Is the Measure of Repentance?. 1 (1989)
What Is the Need to Borrow Kelim [Vessels] from the Egyptians?. 14 (1986)
What Is the Order in Blotting Out Amalek?. 22 (1990)
What Is the Prayer for Help and for Forgiveness in the Work?. 4 (1988)
What Is the Preparation on the Eve of Shabbat, in the Work?. 25 (1988)
What Is the Preparation to Receive the Torah in the Work? - 2. 29 (1989)
What Is the Prohibition to Bless on an Empty Table, in the Work?. 16 (1989)
What Is the Prohibition to Greet Before Blessing the Creator, in the Work?. 17 (1989)
What Is the Prohibition to Teach Torah to Idol-Worshippers in the Work?. 31 (1989)
What Is the Reason for which Israel Were Rewarded with Inheritance of the Land, in the Work?. 44 (1991)
What Is the Reward in the Work of Bestowal?. 20 (1988)
What Is the Son of the Beloved and the Son of the Hated in the Work?. 46 (1991)
What Is the Substance of Slander and Against Whom Is It?. 10 (1987)
What Is the Work of Man, in the Work, which Is Attributed to the Creator?. 31 (1988)
What Is the “Bread of an Evil-Eyed Man” in the Work?. 13 (1989)
What Is the “Right Line,” in the Work?. 38 (1991)
What Is the “Torah” and What Is “The Statute of the Torah,” in the Work?. 37 (1991)
What Is “A Lily Among the Thorns,” in the Work?. 22 (1991)
What Is “A Road Whose Beginning Is Thorns and Its End Is a Plain” in the Work?. 37 (1989)
What Is “According to the Sorrow, So Is the Reward”?. 29 (1987)
What Is “Do Not Slight the Blessing of a Layperson” in the Work?. 24 (1989)
What Is “For It Is Your Wisdom and Understanding in the Eyes of the Nations,” in the Work?. 36 (1989)
What Is “For Lack of Spirit and for Hard Work,” in the Work?. 16 (1990)
What Is “He Who Defiles Himself Is Defiled from Above” in the Work?. 26 (1989)
What Is “He Who Did Not Toil on the Eve of Shabbat, What Will He Eat on Shabbat” in the Work?. 7 (1989)
What Is “He Who Enjoys at a Groom’s Meal,” in the Work?. 35 (1990)
What Is “He Who Has a Flaw Shall Not Offer [Sacrifice]” in the Work?. 25 (1989)
What Is “Man” and What Is “Beast” in the Work?. 7 (1991)
What Is “The Concealed Things Belong to the Lord, and the Revealed Things Belong to Us,” in the Work?. 24 (1988)
What Is “The Earth Feared and Was Still,” in the Work?. 33 (1990)
What Is “There Is No Blessing in an Empty Place” in the Work?. 15 (1988)
What Is “the People’s Shepherd Is the Whole People” in the Work?. 13 (1988)
What Is, His Guidance Is Concealed and Revealed?. 28 (1988)
What Is, If He Swallows the Bitter Herb, He Will Not Come Out, in the Work?. 23 (1989)
What Is, “A Cup of Blessing Must Be Full,” in the Work?. 38 (1990)
What Is, “A Drunken Man Must Not Pray, in the Work?. 21 (1989)
What Is, “A Ladder Is Set on the Earth, and Its Top Reaches Heaven,” in the Work?. 9 (1990)
What Is, “An Ox Knows Its Owner, etc., Israel Does Not Know,” in the Work?. 42 (1991)
What Is, “And Abraham Was Old, of Many Days,” in the Work?. 8 (1991)
What Is, “Anyone Who Mourns forJerusalem Is Rewarded with Seeing Its Joy,” in the Work?. 39 (1990)
What Is, “As I Am for Nothing, so You Are for Nothing,” in the Work?. 21 (1990)
What Is, “Calamity that Comes upon the Wicked Begins with the Righteous,” in the Work?. 9 (1989)
What Is, “Every Blade of Grass Has an Appointee Above, Who Strikes It and Tells It, Grow!” in the Work?. 27 (1990)
What Is, “Every Day They Will Be as New in Your Eyes,” in the Work?. 40 (1989)
What Is, “For I Have Hardened His Heart,” in the work?. 17 (1991)
What Is, “For You Are the Least of All the Peoples,” in the Work?. 40 (1990)
What Is, “He Who Is Without Sons,” in the Work?. 35 (1989)
What Is, “If a Woman Inseminates First, She Delivers a Male Child,” in the Work?. 27 (1991)
What Is, “Peace, Peace, to the Far and to the Near,” in the Work?. 36 (1991)
What Is, “Praise the Lord, All Nations,” in the Work?. 25 (1990)
What Is, “Return, O Israel, Unto the Lord Your God,” in the Work?. 2 (1991)
What Is, “Rise Up, O Lord, and Let Your Enemies Be Scattered,” in the Work?. 19 (1991)
What Is, “The Children of Esau and Ishmael Did Not Want to Receive the Torah,” in the Work?. 36 (1990)
What Is, “The Concealed Things Belong to the Lord Our God,” in the work?. 45 (1990)
What Is, “The Creator Does Not Tolerate the Proud,” in the Work?. 27 (1988)
What Is, “The Good Deeds of the Righteous Are the Generations,” in the Work?. 5 (1991)
What Is, “The Herdsmen of Abram’s Cattle and the Herdsmen of Lot’s Cattle,” in the Work?. 6 (1991)
What Is, “The Righteous Become Apparent through the Wicked,” in the Work?. 15 (1989)
What Is, “The Saboteur Was in the Flood, and Was Putting to Death,” in the Work?. 4 (1991)
What Is, “The Shechina Is a Testimony to Israel,” in the Work?. 37 (1990)
What Is, “The Smell of His Garments,” in the Work?. 9 (1991)
What Is, “The Torah Exhausts a Person’s Strength,” in the Work?. 29 (1990)
What Is, “The Torah Speaks Only Against the Evil Inclination,” in the Work?. 39 (1989)
What Is, “The Wicked Will Prepare and the Righteous Will Wear,” in the Work?. 3 (1991)
What Is, “There Is No Blessing in That Which Is Counted,” in the Work?. 18 (1989)
What Is, “There Is None as Holy as the Lord, for There Is None Besides You,” in the Work?. 26 (1990)
What Is, “There Is Nothing that Has No Place,” in the Work?. 20 (1991)
What Is, “Warn the Great about the Small,” in the Work?. 28 (1990)
What Is, “We Have No Other King But You,” in the Work?. 1 (1991)
What Is, “When Israel Are in Exile, the Shechina Is With Them,” in the Work?. 5 (1988)
What Is, “You Shall Not Plant for Yourself an Asherah by the Altar,” in the Work?. 43 (1990)
What Is, “You Will See My Back, But My Face Shall Not Be Seen,” in the Work?. 43 (1991)
What It Means that Esau Was Called “A Man of the Field,” in the Work. 8 (1990)
What It Means that We Should Raise the Right Hand over the Left Hand, in the Work. 18 (1991)
What It Means that the Generations of the Righteous are Good Deeds, in the Work. 4 (1990)
What It Means that the Good Inclination and the Evil Inclination Guard a Person in the Work. 11 (1991)
What It Means that the Land Did Not Bear Fruit before Man Was Created, in the Work. 5 (1990)
What It Means that the Name of the Creator is “Truth”. 3 (1988)
What It Means that the World Was Created for the Torah. 3 (1990)
What It Means that “Law and Ordinance” Is the Name of the Creator in the Work. 30 (1990)
What It Means, in the Work, that If the Good Grows, So Grows the Bad. 8 (1989)
What Placing the Hanukkah Candle on the Left Means in the Work. 11 (1990)
What Should One Do If He Was Born With Bad Qualities?. 41 (1991)
What is Unfounded Hatred in the Work. 24 (1987)
What is the Preparation for Reception of the Torah - 1. 18 (1987)
What to Look For in the Assembly of Friends. 30 (1988)
What “Israel Do the Creator’s Will” Means in the Work. 32 (1990)
What “There Is No Blessing in That Which Is Counted” Means in the Work. 31 (1990)
What “You Have Given the Strong to the Hands of the Weak” Means in the Work. 13 (1991)
When Is One Considered “A Servant of the Creator” in the Work?. 18 (1988)
When Should One Use Pride in the Work?. 6 (1990)
When a Person Knows What Is Fear of the Creator. 35 (1985)
Which Keeping of Torah and Mitzvot Purifies the Heart. 8 (1984)
Who Causes the Prayer. 18 (1986)
Who Needs to Know that a Person Withstood the Test?. 28 (1989)
Who Testifies to a Person. 37 (1985)
Why Are Four Questions Asked Specifically on Passover Night?. 22 (1989)
Why Is Shabbat Called Shin-Bat in the Work?. 19 (1989)
Why Is the Torah Called “Middle Line” in the Work? - 1. 12 (1990)
Why Is the Torah Called “Middle Line” in the Work? - 2. 19 (1990)
Why Life Is Divided into Two Discernments. 1 (1988)
Why We Need “Reply unto Your Heart,” to Know that the Lord, He Is God, in the Work. 16 (1991)
Why the Festival of Matzot Is Called Passover. 13 (1987)
Why the Speech of Shabbat Must Not Be as the Speech of a Weekday, in the Work. 18 (1990)
You Stand Today, All of You. 19 (1984)

What Are the Light Mitzvot that a Person Tramples with His Heels, in the Work?

Article 41, 1990

About the verse “And it shall come to pass, because you listen, and keep and do them, and the Lord your God will keep with you the covenant and the mercy that He swore to your forefathers,” RASHI interpreted as follows, “If the Mitzvot [commandments/good deeds] are light, which a person tramples with his feet, listen, and the Lord will keep, keep with you His promise.”

We should understand what it means to us that if a person observes the light Mitzvot then the Creator will keep with you the oath. We should understand this condition, which implies that otherwise, it is as though He cannot keep the oath he swore to your forefathers. We should also understand what the interpreters ask, Why does he begin with plural form [in Hebrew], “keep and do,” and ends in singular form [in Hebrew], “will keep with you.”

To understand this, we first need to understand the meaning of the 613 Mitzvot that we were given. In the “Introduction of The Book of Zohar” (“General Explanation for All Fourteen Commandments and How They Divide into the Seven Days of Creation,” Item 1), “The Mitzvot in the Torah are called Pekudin [Aramaic: commands/deposits], as well as 613 Eitin [Aramaic: counsels/tips]. The difference between them is that in all things there is Panim [anterior/face] and Achor [posterior/back]. The preparation for something is called Achor, and the attainment of the matter is called Panim. Similarly, in Torah and Mitzvot there are ‘We shall do’ and ‘We shall hear.’ When observing Torah and Mitzvot as ‘doers of His word,’ prior to being rewarded with hearing, the Mitzvot are called ‘613 Eitin’ and are regarded as Achor. When rewarded with ‘hearing the voice of His word,’ the 613 Mitzvot become Pekudin, from the word Pikadon [deposit]. This is so because there are 613 Mitzvot, where in each Mitzva [singular of Mitzvot], the light of a unique degree is deposited, corresponding to a specific organ in the 613 organs and tendons of the soul, etc., and this is regarded as the Panim of the Mitzvot.”

“Doers of His word” is during the preparation, before a person is rewarded with “Hearing the voice of his word,” for “hearing” is when a person has been rewarded with vessels of bestowal, for only then is there a receptacle for the abundance to clothe in vessels of bestowal. At that time, he has “ears” to hear the voice of the Creator.

But while he is still immersed in vessels of reception, a person must work in “doing,” called “action,” although the body disagrees to work for the sake of the Creator. Rather, he must believe that although he is in a state of lowliness, meaning that the body disagrees with this work—to work for the sake of the Creator—still, the Creator enjoys this because in a state of lowliness, a person feels that he needs the Creator’s help. Hence, at that time he has close contact with the Creator, since he feels that he has no other way and only the Creator can save him and deliver him from this lowliness.

However, a person asks himself, “Where are the Creator’s justice and integrity?” He labors and observes Torah and Mitzvot, and he wants no reward for this. Rather, he wants to work for the sake of the Creator, as it is written in The Zohar, to work because he wants to serve a great King, meaning because He is great and ruling. When he asks the Creator to let him feel His greatness, and the person believes that the Creator hears the prayer of every mouth, each day he stands and waits to have more feeling of the greatness of the Creator, but in the end he sees that he has come to greater lowliness. In other words, he feels that people on the street are not as immersed in self-love.

So, the person asks, “How come people on the street, who have no prayer that the Creator will deliver them from self-love, are fine?” He sees that they feel the order of the work as utter completeness, meaning they know that each day they are advancing, meaning that their possessions are growing. It is as I said once, that each of them has a log where he sees how many Mitzvot were registered to his name each day, and how many pages of Gemara he can write in his log. He, on the contrary, sees the opposite, that each day he is worse than the day before.

When a person introspects, he sees that he has several ascents each day until he sometimes thinks, “Now I am certain that I have reached my goal, not as it was until now.” But suddenly, thoughts that confuse him come to him and he forgets everything, meaning he completely forgets even about the ascents and feels nothing but lowliness. Now, after all the work he has done, he has become worse than ever. He begins to look at himself and finds not one good deed, and he feels as though he never observed Torah and Mitzvot.

The question is, How can a person explain these feelings to himself? Are they true or false? That is, with respect to reality, and reality cannot be erased, he certainly exerted and observed Torah and Mitzvot. But according to his feeling, it all disappeared. The question is, Where did they go, meaning who took them, since he does not feel them? He cannot say that he is suffering from amnesia and this is why he has forgotten everything. After all, he sees that he does remember the bad things he did.

The answer is that we must believe in the sages, as it is said in The Zohar, which interprets what is written, “Or make it known to him that he has sinned.” He asks, “Who makes it known to him?” And he explains, “The Torah.” As we once explained, by learning Torah with the intention to achieve the truth, meaning to really be a servant of the Creator, meaning that by observing Torah and Mitzvot, he does not mean to work for himself, meaning that he will receive reward. Rather, he wants to observe Torah and Mitzvot as our sages said, “I have created the evil inclination; I have created the Torah as a spice.” That is, he learns Torah as an advice by which to truly become a servant of the Creator, meaning that he wants to work for the sake of the Creator, so the Torah notifies him that he has sinned.

This means that the order of “the Torah as a spice” is that first, it lets him know that “he has sinned,” meaning how immersed he is in self-love. This is regarded as the Torah, which is the spice, gives him the Kli [vessel], meaning the lack, so he will need the Creator’s help. It follows that the Torah notifies him that his faith in the Creator is something foreign to him. Put differently, he feels how far he is from the Creator, that the Creator to him is like a stranger. As Baal HaSulam said about the verse “There shall be no strange God within you,” “God” means that the Creator should not be to you like something foreign with which you have no connection.

A person is immersed in self-love, which is disparity of form from the Creator, since the Creator wants only to bestow while a person by nature wants only to receive. For this reason, “He and I cannot dwell in the same abode.” It follows that where one should have felt close to the Creator, he feels remoteness from the Creator. This is what the Torah makes him know, meaning one who learns Torah, since he believes in the words of our sages, who said, “The Creator said, ‘I have created the evil inclination; I have created the Torah as a spice.’” This spice is given to a person so he will feel how far he is from the Creator.

It follows that the Torah gives man the Kli, meaning the lack, for man to ask the Creator to deliver him from exile, called “exile in Egypt.” It is known that Metzar-Yam [Mitzraim (Egypt)] means Tzar-Ayin [lit. narrow-eyed, meaning “jealous”]. That is, a person has no power to bestow, but only to receive. Although he sees that it is impossible to approach the Creator before all his actions are in order to bestow, he nonetheless sees that there is no way he will be able to achieve this without His help.

We already said many times why the Creator did this, meaning that there will be no option for a person to emerge from Pharaoh’s control. The answer is as Baal HaSulam said about what Abraham asked the Creator when He promised him the inheritance of the land, “How will I know that I will inherit it? And He said to Abram, ‘Know that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs.’”

He said that Abraham’s question was that he saw what would be the inheritance of the land, which is Malchut that carries the upper abundance, which contains the five Behinot [qualities] NRNHY of Kedusha [holiness]. Also, it is known that there is no light without a Kli [vessel], meaning no filling without a need. Yet, Abraham saw that Israel have no need to obtain the completion of the degree. Rather, if they attain a little bit of illumination from above, they will be satisfied. Naturally, they would have no need to obtain the NRNHY of Neshama that is included in Malchut, which is called “the inheritance of the land.”

“So how,” said Abraham, “will they receive the light, when they have no Kelim [vessels], called ‘need’?” At that time, the Creator told him, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs.” In other words, the people of Israel will be in an Eretz [land], meaning a Ratzon [desire] that does not belong to the people of Israel. They will be under the governance of the will to receive, which belongs to Pharaoh, King of Egypt.

“They will be tormented,” meaning that the people of Israel will suffer because they are unable to work in order to bestow, which would bring them Dvekut [adhesion] with the Creator. At that time they will need the Creator’s help, as it is written, “And their cry rose up to God from the work, and God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham.”

Our sages said, “He who comes to purify is aided.” The Zohar asks, “How is he aided?” and it replies, “with a holy soul.” In other words, first one is given Nefesh. If he is rewarded more, he is given Ruach. This means that to the extent that one comes to purify himself and demands help, the help he receives from above is considered part of the inheritance of the land.

According to the above, we should interpret what we asked, Why when a person begins to learn Torah for the reason that the Torah is called “a spice,” when one begins to walk on the path of truth, where the Torah is as Eitin, meaning counsels how to conquer the evil inclination, the person begins to see how each time, instead of feeling closer to the Creator, he feels that he has become farther?

We asked, “Is this the way of Torah, by which one becomes farther from the Creator?” The answer was that the Torah first gives him a Kli, meaning the lack, to see how far he is from the Creator. This is why The Zohar says that the Torah notifies him that he has sinned.

It follows that one should not say that he is learning Torah in truth, so why does the Torah not help him as a spice? The answer is that one should believe in the sages that the Torah does help him by revealing to him that he has sinned, meaning how far he is from the Creator, and because of it, he can pray from the bottom of the heart, since he feels that he is worse than other people.

Although if he asks himself, he will see that he makes more efforts to observe Torah and Mitzvot, so why does he feel that he is worse? A person cannot answer this, but he says that as far as feeling, he feels that now he is worse than when he engaged in Torah and Mitzvot before he began to walk on the path of truth. In other words, in everything he does, he sees that it is all halfheartedly, and not as before.

This is as Baal HaSulam said, that the Creator said to Abraham, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and they will be tormented.” By this they will have a need to inherit the land. That is, by the lack that they will have when they are bare and destitute, they will be in a state of “And the children of Israel sighed from the work, and their cry rose up to God from the work.”

In other words, the work itself, the fact that they are not progressing in the work, but on the contrary, will create their need, and then the Creator will help them each time they want to be purer. By this they will have Kelim [vessels] to receive the inheritance of the land.

According to the above, we should interpret what we asked, “And it came to pass, because you listen, that the Lord your God will keep with you the covenant and the mercy that He swore to your forefathers.” RASHI interpreted, “If the light Mitzvot, which a person tramples with his feet, listen, and the Lord will keep, keep with you His promise.” We should understand this condition, that if you keep the light ones, the Creator will keep His promise; otherwise, He will not keep the oath.

The thing is that “light Mitzvot” means things that people belittle, referring to the mind and the heart. That is, all the Mitzvot, when observing them in order to receive reward, a person does not belittle these Mitzvot. Instead, all of these Mitzvot are called “serious,” since they might cause the loss of the reward. Therefore, the reward they expect to receive in return for them makes the Mitzvot important. In other words, the reward makes them valuable.

But when a person should work for the sake of the Creator, which is to him above reason, a person has no regard for this, since the body resists working for no reward. Therefore, when we say to the body that we must work only in order to bestow upon the Creator, the body says that this is far from the mind and it is not worth straining for such work. Then, the person sees that he cannot overcome the body. As Baal HaSulam explained, the fact that it is not within man’s power to emerge from the control of the will to receive for himself, the Creator did this on purpose, so that by this a person will acquire a need for the Creator’s help, for otherwise he is lost.

Hence, when a person asks the Creator to help him, by this he receives help from above. This is the light of the Torah, which “reforms him,” as said in The Zohar, that by this he receives Kelim and a need to attain the NRNHY of Neshama. This was the Creator’s answer to Abram’s question, “How will I know that I will inherit it?”

It follows that precisely when a person wants to observe the light Mitzvot, he needs the Creator’s help. Otherwise, if a person has no need to observe the light Mitzvot, which are contemptible Mitzvot, then he does not need the Creator’s help. And since he has no need for the Creator to help him by giving him NRNHY of Neshama, since he has no need for this, so Abram’s question, “How will I now that I will inherit it?” returns, since he has no need to obtain the inheritance of the land.

It therefore follows that the Creator cannot keep the oath concerning the inheritance of the land. For this reason, RASHI’s interpretation, where he says that if you keep the light Mitzvot, the Creator will be able to keep, “And the Lord will keep,” meaning that the Creator will keep His promise; otherwise, it is impossible to keep His promise.

Accordingly, we should interpret what we asked, Why does it begin in plural form, “do” and “keep,” and ends in singular form? The answer is that when a person begins to work, he has two authorities: his own authority, namely the will to receive, and he also wants to work for the Creator. When a person sees that he has two authorities, he asks the Creator to help him cancel his authority and leave only the singular authority, meaning the authority of the Creator. Then, the Creator helps him annul the authority and leaves man with only the singular authority. This is why it is written in singular form, “And the Lord your God will keep with you,” meaning that the Creator will keep him so he will have only the singular authority.

According to the above, we can understand what is written (Deuteronomy 9:5), “It is not for your righteousness or the integrity of your heart that you are going to inherit their land, but it is because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord your God is driving them out before you, and in order to confirm the oath which the Lord swore to your forefathers, to Abraham.”

We should understand this. If the Creator wants to give the inheritance of the land to Israel because He swore to “your forefathers, to Abraham,” it means that the reason He gave the inheritance of the land to the people of Israel was that He promised to Abraham the inheritance of the land. But here the verse says that the reason He gave the inheritance to Israel was the wickedness of the nations. This implies that were it not for the wickedness of the nations, He would not be able to keep His promise to the forefathers. We should understand why it is that if there is the wickedness of the nations, the Creator can keep the oath, and because of “your righteousness or the integrity of your heart,” the Creator cannot keep the oath.

According to the above, in the work, the wickedness of the nations means the evil within man’s heart. A person cannot defeat it and must cry out to the Creator to help him and liberate him from the governance of Pharaoh, King of Egypt. How does He help him? It is as it is said in The Zohar, “with a holy soul.” This means that each time he asks for help, he receives a holy soul. By being in exile and wanting to emerge from exile, meaning when a person feels that he has the wickedness of the nations, who are not letting him work for the sake of the Creator, but only for himself, this is regarded as having to work for the sake of the nations of the world within his body.

This is as it is written (Exodus 1:11), “And they built for Pharaoh cities of affliction, Pithom and Rameses.” Baal HaSulam interpreted that when they wanted to work for the sake of the Creator and overcame the control of the Egyptians, this is the meaning of Rameses, meaning that they overcame the self-love, like Ra’am [thunder] Sus [horse], meaning with great power, like a horse. They thought they had already emerged from the governance of self-love, but then they came to Pi-Tehom [mouth of the abyss], meaning that all the buildings they had built sank and were swallowed in the abyss, and not a remnant was left of the work. This is called “Pithom.”

In other words, each time, they had work in the manner of “Pithom and Rameses,” meaning that each day they had to work anew. That is, each day they felt that as though today they began the work of holiness, and felt as though until now, they had never engaged in the work. They ask themselves, Where did the work and labor they had done thus far vanish? But they do not know what to answer. As was said, it all sank and was swallowed in the ground.

They could not tell their bodies, “Why do you not want to exert today? After all, yesterday, you saw that when you labored, you received the strength to work. You cannot receive something from yesterday,” since he does not feel that yesterday he did something, for it was all swallowed in the ground. Indeed, why is this so? This is a correction.

It follows that if a person looks at himself and he has good deeds, he has no need to ask the Creator to help him, since anyhow, he has no place in which to receive help from the Creator, as there is no filling without a lack. Thus, the Creator cannot keep the oath concerning the inheritance of the land, since they have no need that He will give to them the inheritance of the land as help.

This is why he says, “It is not for your righteousness or the integrity of your heart that you are going to inherit their land.” Why? Because if they are fine, they have no need. This is the meaning of the words “It is because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord your God is driving them out,” since because of the evil in his body, there is a need for help.