The news reports the number of attacks on Jews throughout the world is growing. Anti-Semitism is on the rise. It is difficult for us to accept the fact that this is not the primitive outcome of desperate people on the periphery of society, but ordinary people in Western society. All of this, to our great surprise, is again raising fears that seem to be forgotten with the Holocaust. It is very difficult to get used to this, we don’t understand how this could be. Still, we need to understand what is happening. What are the roots of this phenomenon, the next wave of which we are experiencing?