chevron_rightVol. 1
chevron_rightIntroduction of The Book of Zohar
The Rose
The Rose (Mirrors of the Sulam [Ladder)
The Flower Buds
Who Created These
Who Created These of Elijah
Mother Lends Her Clothes to Her Daughter
The Letters of Rav Hamnuna Saba
Hochma [wisdom], on which the World Stands
Lock and Key
BeHibaraam [When They Were Created] – BeAvraham [In Abraham]
The Vision of Rabbi Hiya
You Are in Partnership with Me
The Donkey Driver
Two Points
On the Night of the Bride
Heaven and Earth
Among All the Sages of the Nations of the World, There Are None Like You
Who Is This
Rejoicing in Holidays and Not Giving to the Poor
Torah and Prayer
Rabbi Shimon’s Exit from the Cave
The Commandments of the Torah, the First Commandment
The Second Commandment
The Third Commandment
The Fourth Commandment
The Fifth Commandment
The Sixth Commandment
The Seventh Commandment
The Eighth Commandment
The Ninth Commandment
The Tenth Commandment
The Eleventh Commandment
The Twelfth Commandment
The Thirteenth Commandment
The Fourteenth Commandment
General Explanation for All Fourteen Commandments and How They Divide into the Seven Days of Creation
Explanation of the Division of the Fourteen Commandments into Ten Utterances
chevron_rightVol. 2
chevron_rightBeresheet - 1
He Carved a Carving in the Upper Light
The Brightness of the Firmament
Taamim, Nekudot [points], and Otiot [letters]
And the Land Was Tohu [Chaos] - 1
Let There Be Light
Let There Be a Firmament
Let the Waters Gather
Let the Earth Put Forth Grass
Let there Be Lights - 1
The Two Great Lights - 1
Explaining the Names Matzpatz, Matzpatz
The Two Great Lights - 2
Illuminations of Light and Illuminations of Fire
Three Lights
Moses and Jacob
Let Us Make Man - 1
I, I am He
Let Us Make Man - 2
A Prayer for the Poor
The Sling-Stone
Creates Worlds and Destroys Them
Five Kinds of Mixed Multitude
Moses and Two Messiahs
Pure Marble Stones
A River Comes Out of Eden
And Placed Him in the Garden of Eden
Idolatry, Bloodshed, Incest
And the Lord God Formed Every Beast of the Field
And the Lord God Built the Rib
Moses’ Hevel
Bad Mixtures
The Correction of the Lower World from the Upper World
And the Land Was Unformed [Tohu] and Void [Bohu] - 2
Three Letters Tov [Tet-Vav-Bet]
The Correction of PBP de ZON
The Voice of the Lord Is Upon the Waters
Opposite the Frame
Bet Resheet
The Hidden Light
If My Covenant Is Not Day and Night - 1
The Separating and Connecting Firmament
These Waters Conceived and Begot Darkness
If My Covenant Is Not Day and Night - 2
Let There Be Lights - 2
Let the Waters Swarm
And God Created the Sea Monsters
Let Us Make Man - 3
For He Did Not Shower Rain
And the Lord God Commanded the Man
And the Serpent Was Cunning
And the Lord Set a Token for Cain
Sin Crouches at the Door
Aza and Azael
This Is the Book of the Generations of Adam
My Spirit Shall Not Abide in Man
chevron_rightBeresheet - 2
Seven Palaces in the Garden of Eden
Seven Sections of the Upper and Lower Earth
Seven Sections of the Upper Earth
Seven Halls of the Upper Earth
Preface to the Seven Halls
Seven Halls of AVI of Beria
Let There Be Light - 1
And There Was Evening and There Was Morning
Let There Be Light - 2
Let There Be a Firmament
Let the Earth Put Forth Grass
Lights without Vav
Let the Waters Swarm
Let Us Make Man
And God Saw All that He Had Done
And the Heaven and the Earth Were Completed
And on the Seventh Day God Completed
Which God Has Created to Do
Sukkah [Hut] of Peace
And the Lord God Built the Rib
And the Lord God Formed the Man
Baal and Asherah
Reconciliation and Receiving Permission
One Who Sets Out on the Road
Voice and Speech
The Address of the LORD to My Lord
A Rising Flame
The World Was Divided into Forty-Five Colors and Kinds of Light
And They Heard the Voice of the Lord God Walking in the Garden
And the Children of Israel Were Stripped of Their Ornaments from Mount Horev
And They Sewed Fig Leaves
And He Drove Out the Man
And the Man Knew Eve
If You Do Well
When Cain Killed Abel
This Is the Book of the Generations of Adam
He Created Them Male and Female
And Enoch Walked with God
And the Lord Saw that the Wickedness of Man Was Great in the Earth
And He Was Saddened in His Heart
My Spirit Shall Not Abide
The Fallen Ones Were in the Earth
I Will Blot Out Man
Come, Behold the Works of the Lord, Who Has Wrought Desolations in the Earth
Noah and the Ark
Go See the Works
Good Is a Man Who Is Gracious and Lends
Drink Water from Your Cistern
And the Earth Became Corrupt
Had He Not Sinned, He Would Not Have Begotten Offspring
And God Saw the Earth
The Lord Has Done What He Devised
For After Seven More Days
And Noah Begot Three Sons
The Judgment of Hell
The End of All Flesh
Shrill Your Voice, Poor of Anatot
That Jew
The Offering
I Lifted Up My Hands in Prayer
And I Bring a Flood of Water - 1
I Said, “I Will Not See the Lord”
And I Bring the Flood of Water - 2
And I Will Establish My Covenant
And He Healed the Ruined Altar of the Lord
Come You and All Your Household
The Earth Is the Lord's, and All that Fills It
The Wicked Perish from the World
The Difference between Moses and the Rest of the World
And Noah Went into the Ark
And Lifted Up the Ark
And He Blotted Out the Universe that Was Upon the Face of the Ground
And God Remembered Noah
And Noah Built an Altar
And the Lord Smelled the Sweet Fragrance
And God Blessed Noah
And the Fear of You and the Dread of You
I Have Set My Bow in the Cloud
This Stone, which I Have Set Up as a Pillar
The Sons of Noah Who Came Out of the Ark Were...
These Three Sons of Noah
And Noah Began and Planted a Vineyard
Bat-Sheba and Uriah
He Was a Mighty Hunter before the Lord
And the House, While It Was Being Built
עיר ומגדל
The Gate of the Inner Court
And the Lord said, “Behold, They Are One People”
chevron_rightLech Lecha
Listen to Me, You Stubborn-Minded
On What Does the World Stand?
And the Lord Said unto Abram
And They Went Forth with Them from Ur of the Chaldees
Go Forth to Correct Yourself
And I Will Make You a Great Nation - 1
But From the Wicked Their Light Is Withheld
And I Will Make You a Great Nation – 2
And Abram Went, as the Lord Had Spoken to Him
And Abram Took Sarai
And Abram Passed Through the Land
Three Degrees NRN
And Abram Went Down to Egypt
And It Came to Pass, When Abram Came to Egypt
The Creator Plays with the Souls of the Righteous
And the Lord Plagued Pharaoh
At Night My Soul Longs for You
And He Went on His Journeys
And There Was Strife between the Herdsmen of Abram's Cattle and the Herdsmen of Lot’s Cattle
And the Lord Said to Abram, After Lot Had Separated
Like an Apple Tree among the Trees of the Forest
And It Came to Pass in the Days of Amraphel
O God, Do Not Keep Silent
Melchizedek King of Salem
After These Things
The Word of the Lord Came Unto Abram in a Vision
Rabbi Hiya Went to See Rabbi Elazar
Bless the Lord, You His Angels
And Abram Said, “...What Will You Give Me?”
For Who Is God, Save the Lord? And Who Is a Rock, Save Our God?
מחזה שד"י, מחזה סתם
The Creator Makes Couplings
Night and Midnight
A Small Hey and a Big Hey
Sayings for the Brit Milah [Circumcision]
chevron_rightVol. 3
Chayei Sara
chevron_rightVol. 4
chevron_rightVol. 5
Sifra DeTzniuta
Ki Tisa
chevron_rightVol. 6
Acharei Mot
chevron_rightVol. 7
Shlach Lecha
chevron_rightVol. 8
Ki Tetze
chevron_rightVol. 9
New Zohar, Bereshit
New Zohar, Noah
New Zohar, Lech Lecha
New Zohar, VaYera
New Zohar, Toldot
New Zohar, VaYetze
New Zohar, VaYeshev
New Zohar, BeShalach
New Zohar, Yitro
New Zohar, Truma
New Zohar, Tzav
chevron_rightVol. 10
New Zohar, Ki Tisa
New Zohar, Acharei
New Zohar, Behar
New Zohar, Naso
New Zohar, Chukat
New Zohar, Balak
New Zohar, Matot
New Zohar, VaEtchanan
New Zohar, Ki Tetze
New Zohar, Ki Tavo
New Zohar, Shir Hashirim
New Zohar, Midrash Ruth
New Zohar, Eicha
chevron_rightVol. 11
Rosh Hashana
Yom Kipurim
chevron_rightVol. 12
אדם הראשון
אהבת חברים
גברים ונשים
גלות וגאולה
השגה רוחנית
טוב ורע
ימות המשיח
יציאת מצרים
יצר הרע ויצר הטוב
ישראל והעמים
מדרגה רוחנית
מחשבת הבריאה
מטרת החיים
ספר הזוהר
עליות וירידות בדרך
עניים ועשירים
ערב רב
צדיקים ורשעים
קו אמצעי
רבי שמעון בר יוחאי (רשב"י)
תורה - לימוד בלילה
תיקון וגמר התיקון
תפיסת המציאות
chevron_rightVol. 13
Tikuney Zohar
Kabbalah Librarychevron_right
Rashbi/Zohar for All/Vol. 2/Beresheet - 1
He Carved a Carving in the Upper Light

He Carved a Carving in the Upper Light

1) When the King wished to emanate and create the worlds, the harsh spark carved a carving in the upper light. “Carved a carving” means the departure and restriction of the light, which leaves a place vacant and empty of light. It is regarded as carving because prior to creation, “The upper light had filled the whole of reality.” And when He wished to create the worlds, He made a carving in the upper light, which restricted and ejected the light from around the Malchut. With that carving, a place was made for all the worlds, a spark, a spark of fire, hardness, the force of harsh judgment‎ in the vessel of Malchut for which the light from around Malchut was restricted and departed.

When the lights wish to emerge and be revealed, that spark, in which there is the power of the judgment‎s, which are called “colors,” struck the expansion of the upper light, and the expansion was pressed backwards. Out of the pressing and striking, those fine lights come out and sound as one, along with the expansion of the upper light. Those fine lights are called reflected light, and the expansion of the upper light is called direct light. Then that spark disclosed colors in them, a change of degrees, and they were all painted together, both the reflected light and the direct light, in four colors—red, white, green, and black. These are the four degrees HB TM [Hochma, Bina, Tifferet, and Malchut].

That spark ascends in an illumination from below upward, which is called Rosh, and descends in an inversion of the illumination to shine from above downward, called Guf. That spark is called “the harsh spark.”

That spark corrected and struck all the plantations of the illuminations, and tells each one, “Grow!” That is, out of its striking in the expansion of the upper light, as mentioned, all the levels of all the degrees in the worlds come out, and he measures the size of each degree.

The harsh spark is a spark that beats on the expansion of the upper light, raises reflected light and clothes it. All the degrees are born and emerge from that beating, and it is about the power of restriction in the vessel of Malchut, not to receive the upper light. This was also established later, in the hard screen, called “fountain.” However, here it is about the beginning of the emergence of the harsh spark from Ein Sof, which was not yet established with a screen. Rather, it is the force of the judgment‎ that caused the restriction of the light from the vessel of Malchut.

The harsh spark came out and was made inside the most hidden of all that are hidden—from Ein Sof, the last phase of Ein Sof, Malchut of Ein Sof, a form that is considered raw. That is, the form of the judgment‎ was still amorphous, completely indistinguishable. The harsh spark was upright and pressed into a circle, meaning at the center of the circle, which is like a ring. It was neither white, nor black, and neither red, nor green.

Explanation: “Before the emanations were emanated and the creatures were created, the upper simple light had filled the whole reality. And there was no vacancy” for the existence of the emanated and the created. “And there was no such part as Rosh or Sof, but all was simple light, equal in one similitude, and it is called ‘the light of Ein Sof.’ And when upon His simple will came the desire to create the worlds and emanate the emanations,” the harsh spark came out, the force of judgment‎ that was disclosed in Malchut, emerging from Ein Sof, and carved a carving in the upper light. Thus, the light was restricted and departed from within the vessel of Malchut and around her. That departure of light is called “carving the upper light,” for a space devoid of light was made there. And in that empty space, all the worlds and all that is in them subsequently emerged.

And since the harsh spark, the force of judgment‎, emerged and has just been formed in the last phase of Ein Sof, it was still unable to disclose any judgment‎ in it, but only a root from which all the judgment‎s in the worlds later expanded and came about. But in itself, it was in a raw, amorphous form, since no form of judgment‎ was as yet apparent in it.

Similarly, the restricted place, the vacant space from which the light departed, was also in one similitude, for no form of judgment‎ was apparent there at all. This is called “a round shape.” The force of judgment‎ was pinned at the center of the circle, in the middle dot, where it is like an axis around which all the worlds revolve, to sweeten her and correct her.

Likewise, there were no colors in the space, since the colors are considered judgment‎s that induce changes in the degrees, and no judgment‎ was apparent there yet.

The Zohar says, “Neither white” since white indicates light of Hochma, in which there are no colors and judgment‎s. And since the light departed and was restricted from there, there is no white there. But since the light departed, there is another color there—black—indicating absence of light. But he says that there is no black there either, “Nor red,” the color of Bina, “Or green,” the color of Tifferet.

When he measured the level, he made colors illuminate into the space and the carving, since after the restriction and the carving, a line of light extended its expansion from the light of Ein Sof into the place of the vacant space. The upper Rosh of the expansion extends from Ein Sof himself and touches it, and the end of the expansion was in the place of the harsh spark that stands in the middle dot, at the center of the circle. It is so because the harsh spark detains the upper light from passing through it, hence the light ended there.

The expansion of that line of light contains within it four colors: Hochma, Bina, Tifferet, and Malchut. They illuminate inside the restricted place, as it was said that he measured the level, made colors, to illuminate into the space and the carving, for during the expansion of the line of light, the colors to illuminate to the place were made. But before that, there were no colors at all in the restricted place.

There are two actions in the harsh spark: 1) The coupling by striking from which all the degrees extend. This operation is in Malchut of Rosh, who raises reflected light from below upward, eliciting ten Sefirot of Rosh, and inverts to illuminate from it and below, eliciting ten Sefirot of Guf. 2) The act of the end of every degree. It is so because when the ten Sefirot of Guf of the degree expand from above downward, from Keter to Malchut, the light cannot be received in Malchut of Guf due to the harsh spark that is there, which detains the light and does not let it spread there, hence the illumination ends.

The harsh spark comes out of Ein Sof to extend crowns and Mochin to all the degrees, for all the Mochin are drawn through a coupling by striking of the harsh spark. This act of the spark is to lead the Malchut, who is called “the great sea,” so she does not exceed her measure outwards, that is, so she does not receive the upper light into her from the place of the screen below, of which it is written, “Thus far shall you come, but no further.” That is, the light will come up to the boundary on the screen and will not expand further, like the sand that limits and ends the waters of the sea, repelling the waves of the sea back. For this reason, Malchut of the Rosh is called “the coupling Malchut,” and Malchut of the Guf is called “the ending Malchut.”

The expansion of the line of light is Partzuf AK, Keter to the four worlds ABYA. And because there are necessarily four levels one below the other in each expansion—AB, SAG, MA, and BON—that line also includes the five Partzufim of AK.

A fountain appeared within the harsh spark, from which the colors below were painted. A fountain means a screen that was established inside the Malchut, to raise reflected light, since the beating, which is a coupling by striking with the upper light, is a coupling that does not stop, and the screen became as a flowing fountain with reflected light. Colors mean judgment‎s. Painted means disclosure of the judgment‎s. Below means in the Sefirot of the Guf.

It is so because the illumination of reflected light shines from below upward and from above downward. Its illumination from below upward is called Rosh, and the colors are not revealed yet in the illumination of the Rosh. Rather, the four colors are evident only in its illumination from above downward, called Guf. This is why it was said that the colors were painted below, meaning the judgment‎s were disclosed in an illumination from above downward, and not in an illumination from below upward.

The judgment‎s could not appear from below upward because upper and lower are always cause and consequence, where the lower is caused by the upper. And since the harsh spark is below, in Malchut of the Rosh, illuminating from below upward, the cause—the upper nine Sefirot—are not affected whatsoever by the deficiencies of its consequence—Malchut.

But the Guf is caused by the coupling by striking of the harsh spark, and the harsh spark is the reason for it. Hence, the judgment‎s of the harsh spark appear in it, since all the force of the judgment‎s in the cause appear in its consequence. It follows that every coarseness and deficiency can operate only from the place of its emergence downward, and not at all from the place of its emergence upward.

2) The most hidden of all that are hidden, from Ein Sof, Malchut of AK, emanated two Partzufim. He breached and did not breach, and his air is not known at all. One Partzuf is considered a breaching, an emergence of half a degree, VAK with deficiency of GAR, and the other is not a breaching, an emergence of a whole degree. His air is the level of Ruach, which is VAK with absence of GAR, unknown, for there is no coupling for extension of GAR there. “Known” means a coupling for extension of GAR.

Explanation: The Zohar begins to elucidate how the five Partzufim of Atzilut came out of Malchut of AK. It explains how Malchut of AK emanated Partzuf Keter of Atzilut, called Partzuf Atik, and Nukva of Atik, for Nukva of Atzilut came out of her as a breaching, and the male of Atik emerged from her not as a breaching. That breaching is the association of the quality of judgment with the quality of mercy, called the second restriction of AK.

It is as we learn—in the beginning, He contemplated creating the world with the quality of judgment, referring to Malchut of AK, from whose coupling emerged Partzuf AK, which is the quality of judgment. He saw that the world could not persist, so he brought the quality of mercy and associated it with the quality of judgment. He saw that the worlds could not exist, so He raised the quality of judgment, Malchut of AK, to Bina of AK, the quality of mercy, the coupling Malchut, who stood at the end of the Sefirot of Rosh. She rose to the place of Bina of Rosh, and made a coupling by striking there with the upper light.

Her reflected light, which rises from below upward, clothed only the two Sefirot KH, and the three Sefirot—Bina and ZON of Rosh—descended from the Rosh and fell into the Guf. And the ending Malchut, who stood below all the Sefirot of the Guf, rose and stood in Bina of Guf, at half the Sefira Tifferet, at the dot of Chazeh, since Tifferet is considered Bina of Guf, ending the Partzuf at the place of the dot of Chazeh. And Bina and ZON of Guf could not receive any light because they were below the ending Malchut and completely departed from Atzilut.

Because of Malchut’s ascent to the place of Bina, each degree was divided in two. Half of it stayed in the degree, its bottom half came out and descended to the degree below it, the half degree of the Rosh descended into a Guf, and the half degree of the Guf descended below Atzilut. It is therefore considered that each Partzuf that emerges through the association of the quality of mercy with judgment‎ emerges in a division of the degree into two halves.

When Malchut of AK emanated Atik of Atzilut, she emanated the male of Atik undivided, without the association of the quality of mercy, and Atik came out in a complete degree, undivided into two halves. She emanated the Nukva of Atik with association of the quality of judgment with mercy, and she emerged divided in the degree—only KH in the Rosh, and KH in the Guf, while Bina, Tifferet, and Malchut of Rosh fell into a Guf, and Bina, Tifferet, and Malchut of Guf fell below the Sium of the whole degree of Atzilut. This is because a new Sium was made for the upper light: the place of Chazeh of Guf, where it is half of Bina of Guf. That new Sium is called Parsa.

The reason why Partzuf Atik and his Nukva include two phases together is to have a median between the Partzufim of AK, who emerged undivided, and the Partzufim of the four worlds ABYA, who emerged divided. The male of Atik, who has equivalence with AK, takes from AK and gives to his Nukva. And the Nukva of Atik, who has equivalence with the Partzufim ABYA, gives to ABYA.

The most hidden of all that is hidden, Malchut of AK, emanated one Partzuf, Atik of Atzilut, as both divided and undivided. The male of Atik is considered undivided, and the Nukva of Atik is considered divided. He put the divided, Nukva of Atik, before the undivided, male of Atik, since the Nukva of Atik preceded the male of Atik because the Nukva was emanated and came out in GAR of Nekudim, and the male came out in the world of Atzilut.

His Avir [air], the level of Ruach, which is VAK deficient of GAR, is unknown because there is no coupling there for extension of GAR. The five levels are NRNHY. The level of Ruach is called air. It is considered divided because there are only two Sefirot there, KH, and can receive two lights NR, lacking the three lights Neshama, Haya, Yechida, due to the absence of the three vessels Bina, Tifferet, and Malchut, as is known in the inverse relation between lights and vessels, for in the vessels the upper ones grow first, and in the lights the lower ones enter first. This is why it was said that the level of air of Atik, considered a division of Atik, his Nukva, is hidden because he has no coupling to extend the three lights Neshama, Haya, Yechida, for the coupling is called Daat [knowledge], as it is written, “And Adam knew his wife, Eve.”

Finally, out of the striking of the phase of breaching in Atik, which is the Nukva in Atik, a high and hidden dot illuminated—Partzuf AA of Atzilut. That striking is a coupling by striking from which all the degrees are emanated and emerge. Indeed, a Nekuda [point/dot] is always the name of Malchut, and the reason why AA is called “a high dot” is to indicate the difference and the innovation in him in regard to Nukva of Atik, that he has the Malchut that is sweetened in the quality of mercy, which is about to become known, make a coupling, and extend GAR.

That sweetened Malchut is called “a high dot” because the Nukva of Atik is hidden, as it is established in a low dot, as well, called lock. Although she is considered a division—Malchut that is sweetened in the quality of mercy, called key—she still has two dots, the unsweetened Malchut, as well. This is why she is unknown. Thus, the whole innovation in regard to Nukva of Atik is in the upper dot in it. This is why The Zohar calls it “a high [or upper] dot” in many places.

It is called “a hidden dot,” unlike Malchut of AK, who is called “the most hidden of all that is hidden.” But Malchut in AA is called only “hidden,” for she is above the dot that is completely hidden, and this is why the dot is called “beginning,” which means the first utterance among all the utterances.

The word Beresheet [genesis/in the beginning] implies Partzuf AA of Atzilut, who is called Resheet [beginning/primary] because he is the first Partzuf from whom all the Mochin in the worlds are dispensed. But no Mochin comes to the worlds from the Partzufim above him, the Partzufim of AK and the male and female of Atik, since they are completely hidden, as there is no coupling to bestow Mochin in them. This is so because the Partzufim AK, and male Atik, were established in the unsweetened Malchut of the quality of judgment, in which the world cannot exist. Even Nukva of Atik does not dispense Mochin, as it consists of the two dots together, hence she is also hidden.

It follows that the first Partzuf to be seen is Partzuf AA, as it is established at the highest sweetened dot alone, the key. This is why AA was created with the name Resheet. This is why The Zohar elaborated at length thus far, from the beginning of the restriction through the male and female of Atik of Atzilut, to show us that Partzuf AA is the carrier of the upper dot, called Resheet, implied in the first word, Beresheet, in the Torah.

But all the Partzufim and worlds preceding him are not like that. They are hidden and do not dispense to the lower ones. This is why we will not find a single word about them in the Torah, for what we do not attain, we do not know by a name or a word, and the beginning of the root of attainment begins only in AA, who is known, although only as a root for attainment. This is why he is called Beresheet, and this is why he is necessarily the first word in the Torah, for Torah is considered attainment.